1. Hosea Andrewson .1
General Notes: Of Aywick in parish of Yell, Shetland
Hosea married Margaret Mouat.1
+ 2 M i. Charles Hoseason was baptised on 22 Jun 1727
5 M iv. Arthur Hoseason .2
General Notes: Of Aywick.
Arthur and his eldest son Hosea were seised in the 36 merks land of Aywick and others in 1776. 2
Arthur married Bess Henderson.2
6 F v. Katherine Hoseason .
7 F vi. Elizabeth Hoseason .
8 F vii. Mary
2. Charles Hoseason was baptised on 27 Feb 1721/22.
Charles married Margaret Henderson.2
Children from this marriage were:
12 F iv. Margaret Hoseason .2
13 M v. Magnus Hoseason .2
+ 15 M ii. Thomas Hoseason 1,5 was born <1765> in Lerwick, Shetlands,1,3,5 died on 5 May 1835 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, India 8 at age 70, and was buried on 5 May 1835 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, India.9
THE EARLY YEARS — c. 1762-1817
William was born in Shetland in c. 1762 into the turmoil and opportunity of the mid-18th Century. Of distant Danish ancestry, his father, John Hoseason, was a tidesman  (someone from the customhouse who went on board merchant ships to make sure taxes and dues were paid); his mother, Ursilla, was the daughter of a military man, Major Bruce, member of the incoming tide of Scottish settlers. An uncle, John, Bruce, had property in Catfirth and Scalloway that he later left to William .
There is a suggestion that William’s father had a school in North Yell  and, certainly, early Ordnance Survey maps (1880) of the district show a school close to where he lived at North Mursetter. Either way, he seems to have died by 1798 when Ursilla is described, in a dispute about sheep marks, as his widow . It has also been mooted that John left Shetland for Norfolk and a property “inspiringly named Zetland Farm” . So, although William’s origins were modest they were sufficient for him and his brother Thomas to make remarkable careers for themselves in the wider world.
What drove William to leave Shetland for Jamaica where in 1787, aged c. 25, he married a merchant’s daughter, Maria Hill? The broad answer is probably Scottish connections there. The Scottish historian, Professor Tom Devine, in his book “Scotland’s Empire, 1600-1815” writes:
“In the 1730s in the main, Scots in the Caribbean were planters, merchants, colonial officials, attorneys, doctors, overseers and tradesmen, most of whom had no intention of spending the rest of their days in the tropics.
“Family and personal networks formed the complex interconnecting webs of association between Scots which could go a long way to explain their success in the Caribbean. They facilitated access to jobs, contacts and credit for new arrivals from Scotland; helped reduce risk intrinsic in transoceanic commerce by entrusting key tasks to trusted associates and family members…The first essential step on a Caribbean career was an introduction through letters or recommendations into the 'interest' or circle of patronage and connections of an established member of the kindred group” .
In this context it is easy to see how William might have followed a cousin to Jamaica [7,8]. That cousin, James Robertson’s, claim to fame was his appointment in 1796 by the House of Assembly to survey the island, and to produce one map of each county, plus one of the whole island. This he did between 1797 and 1801, the Committee was delighted and James was handsomely remunerated. He took his maps to London to be engraved, returning to Jamaica to sell copies. James left Jamaica for good in 1806 .
Nothing has been discovered about William’s business activities in Jamaica until he went into partnership with William Banks in July 1809  as available surviving newspapers are few. By that time, the partnership had wharves at the bottom of East Street in Kingston and William had others in Port Antonio and, possibly, Port Royal. Judging by later newspaper advertisements, William was importing fish and ice amongst other things [11, 12]. Contrary to later reports, he does not seem to have owned a plantation but for several years he had a property called Mountain Spring that housed his domestic negroes and supported a few head of stock ; it was situated on the north-east side of Kingston and may also have been his residence.
During William’s early years in Jamaica, he and later his family lived in Spanish Town, Parish of St Catherine, and it may well be that he worked, initially, for a merchant in that town even, perhaps, his father-in-law, Jacob Hill. After the birth in 1793 of their fourth child, Elizabeth, who seems to have died young, there is no record of any baptism or burial of Hoseason children in Jamaica until their daughter Augusta was buried at Spanish Town in March 1801. This suggests that the Hoseason family were not on the island during this period, since baptismal records for the years before and after show Maria giving birth every two years or so, and one would expect at least some births in the gap years. Proof of this supposition arrives with evidence of the birth of their son William, in 1802 on Turks Island, Bahamas . The Turks and Caicos Islands were annexed to the Bahamas in 1799, which lends authority to the suggestion on Maria’s gravestone that her husband was “Comptroller of His Majesty’s Customs in the Bahama Islands” for at any rate part of this time .
The return to Jamaica prompted the family to move to Kingston and, the acquisition of the wharves mentioned above, if they had not been bought in earlier years. Whatever is the case, William was in the business of importing and exporting goods to and from Jamaica.
This was a period when trade, not only between Britain and her West Indian colonies but between the West Indies and North America, saw tremendous commercial expansion. Business was booming and, we may assume, William's business flourished too. As long as the Royal Navy kept the French at bay, and the Americans were not at war with Britain, money was there to be made.
When William joined forces with William Banks of Bermuda in 1809, it brought together two similar businesses and seemingly gave William Banks & Co a base in Kingston . Theirs was a co-partnership but only for, it seems, trade carried out under the firm named Hoseason, Banks & Co. William Banks went on trading separately in Bermuda and, presumably, William did business in his own account also. It has not been discovered when this partnership ended but advertisements about the joint business cease in 1814, though William Banks & Co continued business in Bermuda.
Hoseason, Banks & Co were merchants not shipowners. Though there are reports of one or two occasions when they sold a ship , mostly they would have only owned the cargo as in the case of the brig Ohio, which was wrecked in November 1811 on its maiden voyage at the mouth of the Plantain Garden River, Annotto Bay, laden with fish and lumber . The ship, or at least its cargo, was insured with the New Hampshire Fire and Marine Insurance Company and records exist of correspondence between the two Williams and the company about recompense.
However, due to the heavy losses sustained by NHF&M because of the war of 1812, the company was losing money– shares being sold, president and secretary's salaries substantially decreased and so on – and Hoseason, Banks & Co were perhaps among the casualties . The company itself seems to have been wound up in 1823.
When the United States eventually became fed up with British policies of trade embargoes and the habit of impressing ships' crews captured in breach, and declared war in 1812, business became increasingly difficult – "the present unhappy differences," as Hoseason, Banks & Co described them in a notice to their correspondents in 1814, referring specifically to their agents, "…from the capital of South Carolina to Wiscasset in the District of Maine" and including "…those Gentlemen in America who may be Agents for Spanish, Swedish or other Neutral Merchants…", which establishes, in part, the reach of their activities .
From October 1815 onwards, there are no newspaper advertisements or reports referring to Hoseason, Banks & Co though there is a legal Notice in 1819 about the sale of a schooner, The Hope, by William in 1816 . Consequently, there are no clues as to how or why William ran into the financial difficulties that culminated in him being declared bankrupt in London a year later.
William seems to have been an active member of the Kingston community. During his last few years until he left the Island, he was a potential juror for the Surrey Assize Court  and in 1814, he was nominated (with 24 others) as a “fit person” to be a Trustee of the newly formed Presbyterian Institution of Kingston . He was also Firewarden, Kingston 1805, Agent, Naval Yard Port Royal, 1815, and a Signatory to the Act for the Incorporation of the Highland Society of London, as late as 21 May 1816 , having for some years previous been that Society’s agent in Jamaica . His fall from grace must have caused more than a few ripples .
On 18 Nov 1787, William married Maria Hill at St Catherine, Jamaica . She was born on 9 Jan 1773, also St Catherine, so not quite 15 years old. She was the second daughter of Jacob and Mary (née Anderton/Anderson) Hill, and baptised on 30 May 1773 . At least nine children were born to the Hoseasons; those born in Jamaica were baptised into the Church of England, no Kirk having as yet been established there.
Sadly, nothing has survived to paint a picture of William and Maria’s social life in Spanish Town or Kingston. However a year after their eldest daughter, Ursula, married Dr Edward Bancroft in October 1812, a letter from Edward to Ursula (she was out of town recovering her health) describes how he, Bancroft, staying behind in Kingston, had just dined at her father’s house. He mentions her mother and sister (presumably the 12-year-old Eliza, since Amelia was only nine at that time), and a five-yard present of muslin. First – and so far only – glimpse of that family’s life .
Postscript: Passenger notices show that a Miss Hoseason (Eliza) left the Island in December 1813 on the sloop HMS Rattler, 16 guns,  and that Mrs Hoseason, Amelia Hoseason and Master Hoseason left in July 1815 on The John Barry  reaching London in September; it appears that none of them returned before William left some time in 1817.
[In 1808 William registered Arms in Scotland firstly on 13th Feb 1808 and, secondly, quartered with Bruce, on 24th March 1808, the same date as his brother, Thomas. At the time, Thomas was making his way in London society and one supposes this may have been his reason for wanting this sort of recognition. As elder brother, William’s matriculation would have had to go first .
SOURCES — THE EARLY YEARS
Elizabeth Morewood email 3 Mar 2011, [William] “…his father John had a school in North Yell”.
5 Ibid, Ursula Bruce ID I3343, [John] “…would appear to have sold Mursetter and bought a farm, inspiringly named Zetland Farm, near King’s Lynn…” Joan Hoseason, 1974. This has not been traced, though his son Thomas did “…go up to Shetland Farm…” in 1810 (letter to Edward Pellew) and built himself a grand house and estate there.
9 Jamaica Surveyed: Plantation Maps and Plans of Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries by B.W. Higman (c. 1988 and 2001), University of West Indies Press, 1A Aqueduct Flats, Mona, Kingston 7, Jamaica, WI, Pages 36-8. This source gives the “silver age of sugar” 1750 – 1805.
Kingston, July 18, 1809.
The Copartnership of WILLIAM BANKS & CO. commenced 1st of this month. The Lumber and Wharfage Business will be conducted under the above firm by the subscribers, at their wharf, late Messrs. Tindall & Menzies, in East-Street.
Kingston, April 9, 1813.
ARRIVAL OF ICE.
A Small quantity of ICE having arrived in the schooner Atalanta from Halifax, which will be landed and put into the Ice-House today, the subscribers are under the necessity of ordering their Wharf-Gates in East-Street and George's Lane to be kept shut during that operation, as nothing else can be attended to on the Wharf this day. The disposal is entrusted to Mr. John Comber
HOSEASON, BANKS, & CO.
Kingston, May 21, 1814
IMPORTED from Halifax in the Ships BERKELEY and DENMARK HILL, and for sale at the Subscribers’ wharf, (—) Barrels Fall Mackarel [sic], Ditto Herrings and Alewives, Hogsheads Codfish, Boxes Herrings, Barrels Tar, White Oak Québec Staves and Headings, White Oak Puncheon Shooks and Headings complete.
HOSEASON, BANKS, & CO.
13 Jamaican Almanac 1818 (courtesy Jamaican Family Search website) — Return of Proprietors, Properties, etc., given to the vestries for the March quarter 1817 — County of Surrey — Parish of St Andrew — Eastern District [Proprietors Etc., Properties, Slaves/Stock] … Hoseason, William, Mountain Spring, 16/8
14 Master's Certificates. Greenwich, London, UK: National Maritime Museum. Certificate No 6057: “This certificate is given upon an Examination passed as Commander in the Royal Navy on the Ninth day of November 1846. Issued at the Port of London on the 8th day of April 1852 to William Hoseason, 14 Thurlow Square, Brompton. Date and Place of Birth 1802 Turks Island, Bahamas.
15 Fanny Hoseason Rochat: On dear Grandmamma Hoseason’s grave – in Brompton Cemetery Nr 1892: God bless Maria / Relict of William Hoseason Esqre / Comptroller of His Majesty’s Customs / In the Bahama Islands / & daughter of the late / Jacob Hill Esqre of the / Island of Jamaica / Died July 15th 1854
Kingston, July 22, 1809.
WILLIAM BANKS & CO. having laid in a general Assortment of LUMBER, which they will endeavour to keep constantly supplied, are ready to execute the orders of their friends on as moderate terms as the market can reasonably admit of, for cash or acceptances of short dates. They have for sale: Pitch Pine flooring Boards, Ditto Scantling of various dimensions, White and yellow pine Boards, Read and white oak Staves, 22-inch cypress Shingles, Wood Hoops.
NB A steady free Black Man, who has been accustomed to superintend negroes on a wharf, will be employed.
Comment: The wording of this notice suggests a "launch" in Kingston for William Banks & Co's lumber business.
Kingston, Nov. 23, 1813.
FOR SALE, the schooner LOUISA, as she now lies at the Subscribers' wharf, having lost her mainmast in a gale of wind. This beautiful vessel is quite new, of great dimensions, measuring upwards of 287 tons, and copper-fastened. She was taken by stratagem off Charleston Bar, after having eluded (by her great superiority of sailing) the pursuit of all the blockading squadron on the southern coast of America. The Louisa was built in North Carolina, and when captured bound to Charleston, to be coppered and fitted out as a cruiser, for which purpose in his Majesty's service she would be admirably calculated, and will be sold for a much less some than her original cost.
HOSEASON, BANKS, & CO.
N.B. If the above vessel is not sold by private contract, previous to Monday the 6th December next, she will in the forenoon or that day, be put up to Public Sale at the wharf and actually sold to the highest and best bidder.
The American brig Ohio, John Sinclair master, from Portsmouth bound to this port, laden with lumber and fish, was unfortunately driven on shore, and wrecked, in Plantain Garden-River on Thursday sennight. She was a new vessel, and this was her first voyage. She was out 24 days, and on the morning of the 13th inst. the island of Navassa bearing S. S. W. distant five leagues, spoke the brig Hibernia, McDowell, from this port bound to Belfast — all well.
19 New Hampshire Fire and Marine Insurance Company Papers MS002. The papers of this company appear to have been acquired by The Portsmouth Athenaeum, an archive library in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and were inventoried by Garland Patch (?). Box 4, Folder 1: Ohio (Brig) 1811-1815: Correspondence regarding insurance cover in Jamaica. William Banks, Asa Freeman, William Hoseason. Nathaniel A. Haven, Edward J. Long, George Sinclair Jnr. www.portsmouthathenaeum.org [Haven and Long were officers of the company.]
“The subscribers take this method of apprising their Mercantile Friends throughout the U States, That during the present unhappy differences between Great-Britain and America they intend generally to abstain from all communication by letters with their former correspondents, from prudential motives applicable to such correspondents.
They beg leave, however, to inform all who may have balances of sales in their hands, that orders for the same, any time during the war, will be paid at sight, or promptly remitted according to directions.
Being Agents for the Principal incorporated insurance Companies, from the capital of South Carolina to Wiscasset in the District of Maine, there are directors in each office, or merchants in every town, to whom reference may be had, should new correspondents wish to communicate with the house in Jamaica, or that branch of it in Bermuda now at the port of St George and conducted by the Junior Partner, under the firm of WILLIAM BANKS & Co.
The utmost attention will be paid to the Orders of Gentlemen in America who may be Agents for Spanish, Swedish or other Neutral Merchants, trading under the Prince Regent's Proclamation, with the islands of Jamaica or Bermuda; and the safety of all such property committed to their charge may be depended on, provided nothing is attempted, under the sanction (?) of such proclamations, contrary to the local laws of their respective islands, or in violation of existing blockades.
HOSEASON, BANKS, & Co.
NB All letters by cartels to and from Kingston are opened by the American agent for prisoners of war, or sent to him after being opened by the commissary of prisoners in America.”
Bahama Islands, New Providence
Whereas Hugh Alexander Dean, late of Long Island, one of the Bahamas Islands, Planter, departed this life at Jamaica, on or about the 9th day of October, 1816, and did in his lifetime, to wit, at Jamaica aforesaid, on the 28th day of June, 1816, executed in favour of William Hoseason, Merchant, of Jamaica, a certain Bond, for the penal sum of 3111L. 4s. 6d. Jamaica currency, conditioned for the payment of 1555L. 12s. 3d. and on the same day join in another certain Bond with a certain — — — Ainsley, then Master of a certain schooner or vessel called the Hope, to the said William Hoseason, for the penal sum of 1124L. 18s. 2d. conditioned for the payment of 562L. 9s. 1d. of like money, both which Bonds were given for the purchase and outfit of the aforesaid schooner Hope……
JURORS OF OUR SOVEREIGN LORD THE KING
For August Surrey Assize, 1814 …… William Hoseason, of the parish of Kingston, merchant. …
On Monday a meeting of the subscribers to the Presbyterian Chapel took place at the Court-House, in this city…. The draft of a bill for forming a permanent Presbyterian Establishment … was read to the meeting, and several alterations and additions suggested therein. The following Gentlemen were then nominated as being fit persons for Trustees to the institution, which was suggested should be entitled "The Presbyterian Institution of Kingston."
The Hon John Shand, the Hon Charles Grant, … Wm. Hoseason, … and Andrew Lunan, Esqrs. [Altogether 24 persons]
Caribbeana, vol 5, page 48: William was one of the West Indian signatories to the “Act for the Incorporation of the Highland Society of London, 21 May 1816”. This was probably at his brother Thomas’s instigation: Thomas was active in this society in London at the time. Both references courtesy of the West India Reference Library, Institute of Jamaica, letter dated 15 January 1963. A disturbing footnote states “It would appear he married twice.” but nothing has been discovered that corroborates this assertion.
TO THE EDITORS OF SEVERAL NEWSPAPERS IN JAMAICA.
Gentlemen, In February, 1812, you very obligingly, at my request, inserted, gratis, a copy of the resolutions entered into at a Meeting of "The Highland Society of London," on the 21st March, 1810, being the anniversary of the Battle of Alexandria; when it was resolved unanimously that an Institution, to be denominated the "Caledonian Asylum," for the support and education of the indigent children of Scottish soldiers, sailors, and marines, should be established under the auspices of the Highland society. In 1811, I had the honour of being dominated Agent for that society in Jamaica, ……
I remain, Gentlemen, your very much obliged servant, William Hoseason, Agent in Jamaica for the Highland Society of London. Kingston, 21st March, 1814.
1787 — Nov 18... William Hoseason Gent and Miss Maria Hill, spinster, both of this parish — Licence.
May 30 1773… Maria Daughter of Jacob & Mary Hill…born 9 Jany.
In the Rattler: – Frances Forbes, Esq. Attorney-General of Bermuda and Mrs Forbes, Miss Hoseason, and Lieut. and Adjutant Joseph Hammill, of the 18th or Royal Irish regiment of foot. Comment: A Royal Navy 16-gun sloop so only 4 passengers and Eliza aged only c. 12 or 13!
In the John Barry: … Mrs Hoseason, Miss Amelia Hoseason, Master Hoseason, …
32 Public Register of all Arms and Bearings in Scotland: (1) Vol 2, folio 18 (William: Matriculated 13th February 1808); (2) Vol 2, folio 20 (William: Matriculated 24th March 1808; (3) also Vol 2, folio 20 (Thomas, “…immediate younger brother of the above William…” Matriculated also 24th March 1808.
THE LATER YEARS — 1817-c. 1826
It seems likely that William left Jamaica for England in the spring of 1817 — he was listed as a potential juror for the Surrey Assize Court in March so he was presumably in Kingston in the early part of that year — but whether or not he arrived in time to attend the family gathering for the baptism of his grand-daughter, Ursula Maria Bancroft, at Margate in April is debatable. Ursula had already been baptised in Kingston, Jamaica, in 1815; this time the Rev. George Lamb, her father's brother-in-law, officiated and stood godfather and Eliza Hoseason and Maria Bancroft (Ursula’s aunt) godmothers. 
With his family already in England, William's reasons for travelling must have been to do with the need to sort out his finances with his English backers. Perhaps, he could not repay loans that had been made to him within the prescribed time or was unable to pay for goods that he had obtained on credit. Whatever the case, his creditor or creditors took him to court and he spent July to September 1817 in the Kings-bench prison for debt .
William’s bankruptcy papers have not survived so there is no way of discovering how it came about or whether or not it involved his co-partnership with William Banks but as the latter’s business continued for many more years in Bermuda, that seems unlikely. As a matter of interest, William is described as “Merchant, Dealer and Chapman” in his “Commission of Bankrupt” — this may seem a bit tautological, chapman being another term for dealer or merchant — but those were keywords in insolvency proceedings at the time as only persons so described could be made bankrupt  thereby receiving more protection from the courts than other insolvent debtors.
That protection allowed William the benefit of a “Certificate of Conformity”. In September, the London Gazette announced that he had "…in all things conformed himself according to the several Acts of Parliament concerning bankrupts….and that his Certificate will be allowed…" . This Certificate freed him from prison, allowed him to keep some capital, to start fresh economic activity, and classified him as a non-fraudulent and bona fide debtor, typically, a merchant whose business had suffered as result of external events, which in those days, it should be remembered, included piracy, wars, bank failures and collapsing insurance companies.
When he wrote his Will in 1825, his assets in Kingston, his house and “pen”, domestic negroes and wharves, were “under mortgage to my Brother for advances made far exceeding the present reduced value of such property”. It might be thought that this mortgage was effected before the “full Discovery and Disclosure of his Estate and Effects” hearings in an attempt to preserve his assets from his creditors but that is unlikely as a mortgage does not involve a transfer of assets only a lien on them. More likely, it took place after thus affording William some capital with which to start afresh.
In the months following the closure of William’s bankruptcy proceedings, he and the Rt Hon Sir Thomas Cochrane, known more generally as Lord Cochrane, formed an important relationship. William’s brother, Thomas, was married to Angelica Cochrane; he was also a protege of the Hon Basil Cochrane, uncle to both Angelica and Lord Cochrane. This latter was implicated in the famous Stock Exchange Scandal of Feb 1814 which led to Lord Cochrane’s trial, with five others, including another uncle Hon Andrew Cochrane Johnson, on the charges of, inter alia, “conspiring by false news to induce the subjects of our Lord the King to believe that Napoleon Bonaparte was dead, and thereby to occasion a rise in the funds and to injure such of the King’s subjects as should purchase any share in the said funds.” They were all found guilty and Lord Cochrane was sentenced one year’s imprisonment and a fine of £1000. Throughout the affair he vigorously proclaimed his innocence, despite strong circumstantial evidence pointing to his involvement, and while in 1832 he did eventually secure a free pardon, there is no doubt his name was mud at the time .
It may seem strange that William became involved with Lord Cochrane given their respective occupations and social positions but not surprising in view of brother Thomas's connection with the Cochrane family and his propensity to make himself useful to well-connected people. Lord Cochrane's acceptance of the appointment as "Admiral and Commander in Chief" of the Chilean naval forces does not seem to have been publicly known until he resigned his parliamentary seat in June 1818 but, doubtless, his friends and those connected with his inner circle knew about it earlier in the year and Thomas would have been quick to see the opportunities it presented for his brother. The fact that William, Thomas and Lord Cochrane were all members of the Highland Society of London  may well have helped too. Whatever the case may be, Lord Cochrane offered William a post in his entourage as prize agent and secretary, which William accepted.
It must be supposed that William sailed from Boulogne with Lord and Lady Cochrane on the Rose in August 1818, arriving at Valparaiso in November as Commodore William Bowles wrote to the Admiralty on 15 March 1819 to say 'He [Cochrane] has brought a prize agent with him and professes a determination to keep everything in his hands' . And 17 May 1821 Sir Thomas Hardy wrote to the Admiralty describing Henry Dean as "the son in law of Mr Hoseason, the Prize Agent" . One condition of William’s engagement with Lord Cochrane was that William could not enter into any commercial transaction on his own account, inserted presumably to ensure William focused solely on Lord Cochrane’s affairs; William was thus entirely reliant on Lord Cochrane’s success and good offices .
Valparaiso, at the time, was “little more in appearance than an English fishing town” and “a sad proportion in the English society here of trash”, was the view of traveller, writer and recent widow, Maria Graham, in 1822, . On the other hand, an American, Henry Hill, reminiscing about his time as a shipping agent and United States consul in Valparaiso (1817-1821) writes “Lady Cochrane was genial, buoyant, fond of company, and there were a great many social, informal gatherings and parties at his [Lord Cochrane’s] residence. Sometimes, before separating, the company, if not too large, would form a circle, join hands, and sing Auld Lang Syne. No one enjoyed this more than his private secretary, Mr Hoseason, an old Scotch gentleman." . This was probably June 1819 and William would have been about 57 years old.
Much original material about Lord Cochrane's dealings with the Chilean government has survived, some of which is quoted by David Cubitt for his Edinburgh PhD thesis , and by Brian Vale, the naval historian and author*. Examining this material first hand would, doubtless, add detail to an account of William’s difficulties with Lord Cochrane’s claims for payment and the Chilean Government's reluctance to pay them, but this piece relies on such secondary sources as are available. This has its drawbacks as it can mean that those sources’ interpretation of events and people affect the material available as we shall see later.
William’s difficulties matter since his reputation has suffered. Starting the story with the finish, William’s executors were obliged to sue Lord Cochrane for what was owed to him (they won the case, but never received anything) , and of course the biographers of Lord Cochrane, whether contemporary or modern, rely heavily on Cochrane-centric sources for their evidence.
In simple terms there were fundamental differences of opinion at the time: from his experience in European waters during the Napoleonic Wars, Lord Cochrane was used to treating seized towns and goods as prizes. From the outset the Chileans did not: they were quite clear prize money would be paid only for ships or property taken afloat. Their refusal to pay out for the successful, albeit unauthorised, capture of Valdivia (1820) caused Lord Cochrane to “nurse a permanent grievance” , and matters deteriorated from this low base. As prize agent, William was in the middle of this contretemps. Jose Ignacio Zenteno**, the Chilean Minister of Marine, later Minister for War and Governor of Valparaiso, himself nursing a perhaps justified suspicion of foreigners, blamed William and others, for delays in payments to the Squadron on account of their failure to produce proper paperwork .
In practical terms it was a complex task to keep track of monies due. All concerned agreed prizes captured before January 1819 (thus before Cochrane and William’s arrival) had been distributed to the Squadron. Afterwards all was disputed, though even in 1823 when his account with Lord Cochrane was drawn up , and in 1825, when he wrote his Will , William seems to have had a good grip on detail.
1819 saw Cochrane and the Squadron blockading Callao, Peru, raiding the coast, seizing ships, property and money, returning to Valparaiso to a hero’s welcome in June, before setting off again for a further blockade in September. William sailed with Cochrane on his flagship, the O’Higgins, during this period .
20 Aug 1820 Cochrane sailed to liberate Peru, rounding up British merchantmen, seizing Spanish property and generally causing confusion in the counting-house. William may have been left behind in Valparaiso on this occasion (see “his Lordship’s house”, below).
By August 1821 when the Squadron had been at sea for a year, only by commuting customs dues, granting licences-to-trade to neutrals, or seizing and converting enemy stores – even using his own and his officers’ own funds – could Cochrane provision his ships . Squabbles with General San Martin ensued, including money due to Lord Cochrane for his capture of the Esmeralda (later renamed Valdivia) – an acknowledged feat of seamanship and blow to Spanish power in the Pacific – and bone of contention.
On Christmas Day 1820, William was joined in Valparaiso by his daughter Eliza and her husband Henry Dean. Eliza and Henry had been married in London the previous November, 14 months or so after William left, and this, therefore, may have been their first meeting. At that time, Henry was a purser in the Royal Navy but was shipless and on half pay. Despite some reports to the contrary, it seems pretty certain that Lord Cochrane and Henry first became acquainted in Valparaiso. Though little evidence has been found to support this assumption, Henry made himself useful to Lord Cochrane in various ways during 1821 and 1822 (he was Judge Advocate at Captain John Spry’s court-martial in March 1822 ) and followed him to Brazil in July 1823 .
The few surviving contemporary reports of Henry during his years in South America have not spoken of him kindly. Though Lord Cochrane did appoint him again as his Judge Advocate and as his Prize Agent in Brazil , even he seems to have recognised some of his shortcomings, writing to him at one stage, "I should however be dealing deceptionally with you were I to lead you to believe that I can take upon myself the task of supporting you in Rio Janeiro against all those who by some means or other have become your enemies, either in consequence of your free manner of conveying your sentiments which you may deem proper and ingenious, or of other causes into which it is unnecessary that I should scrutinize."  Both William’s executors and Henry ended up suing Lord Cochrane for “what was owed to them”, as did many others. The Court of Exchequer found for William but not Henry. [10, 23]
It is difficult to pin down where William lived during his years in Chile. There is a period when he is said to have occupied Lord and Lady Cochrane's house for two years. That house may have been the one made available to the Cochranes by the Chilean government while living in Valparaiso. Between December 1820, when Lady Cochrane went to Peru and thence to England and November 1822, the house lay empty and was thus available. Confusingly, Maria Graham makes one of her only two mentions of William: “I went into Mr Hoseason’s house and there found Lord Cochrane…”.  This was in June 1822 but four months or so later she suggests that he was living with his daughter and her family at the time of the 1822 earthquake .
On 19 November 1822 a great earthquake struck, destroying much of Valparaiso and the surrounding area. Both Maria Graham (pages 305-9) and John Miers** (Vol 1, pages 388-93) give graphic descriptions of this event as it affected them, and the heap of ruins to which the town and region were reduced. After-shocks continued for about a fortnight, some damaging already precarious buildings.
There is no record of what happened to William or Henry Dean that night but Eliza and her two children were taken to safety on the O'Higgins along with others. When Maria Graham met Eliza on the ship a week later, she must have recounted her experience of that awful night as Maria reports, "Poor Mrs D. was alone, her father and husband having both gone out to spend the evening." As Christmas approached, the O'Higgins was ordered to be taken out of service for major repair, so the Deans removed to Lord Cochrane's badly damaged house at Quintero where the family occupied one of the surviving rooms, Maria, her cousin and her maid another, and Lord Cochrane a third, while others camped out in tents but enjoyed relative safety . William is not mentioned in either place.
William's Will suggests that his relations with Lord Cochrane were amicable at the time of the latter's departure for Brazil on 18 January 1823, even though William's accounts may have been chaotic . One cannot help feeling, however, that Lord Cochrane’s action in drawing a Bill of Exchange on the Chilean Government to pay William in the knowledge it was likely to be disputed shows a complete lack of probity and a cynical disregard for a senior member of his staff; the latter indifference compounded by the fact, that Lord Cochrane seems to have ignored any contact William made with him later.
William, with Henry Dean's help, did manage to produce a summary of Lord Cochrane's account with him before the latter left, which Cochrane signed off at Quintero on 16 January 1823, giving Henry a Bill of Exchange for the amount he owed and at the same time writing a letter advice to the Government. (A receipt for the sum of $17,683 (the equivalent of £3536) in Henry’s handwriting has survived ). In the event, the Chilean Government refused payment and when sometime later the Bill was presented to Cochrane personally for payment, he too refused.
Once Lord Cochrane left Chile in January 1823, his biographers’ interest shifted with him, and even the little one can deduce about William’s activities comes nearly to an end. Henry Dean followed Cochrane to Brazil in March 1823 , taking up positions as Judge Advocate to the Fleet and Prize Agent  and sending for his wife and family in November 1823. So, between March and Maria’s departure for Brazil, she and her children may have remained in Valparaiso near William, or at Quintero. From Brazil the Deans sailed direct to England in 1825 , returning to Valparaiso in 1826 .
Between Eliza’s departure to join Henry in Rio, and mid-1826 when the Deans returned, William seems to have remained alone in Valparaiso. We have no information about where he lived, or how he supported himself. However, when he handwrote his Will in June/July 1825, he was suffering from a paralytic stroke of the left hand and arm and felt increasingly weak. Otherwise he seems entirely lucid .
The importance of this Will to understanding William’s position cannot be overestimated. Not only does it name and quantify his business dealings unresolved at the time of writing, but laments his failure to provide for his wife and young family in London due to Lord Cochrane's chicanery. He goes into detail in the hope that his executors might have success in retrieving what was owed him. William’s unresolved business dealings were very likely the reason he stayed on in Chile after Lord Cochrane and the Dean family left. Any chance of recovering “advances” made to “Officers of the Chili Navy”, for instance, necessitated his presence there. In the end, his “deplorable state of health” ruled out a return to England.
He also explained in detail how Dean should repay the money owed him, "At this present time I am in advance for Mr Henry Dean a Purser in the Royal Navy (who married my Daughter Eliza) a very considerable sum for which I hold his engagement in writing to be discharged by installments (sic). I have frequently written to him at Rio de Janeiro and Bahia requesting him to remit as he can to my Wife and to myself in small sums to make its payment the more convenient for himself and at the same time to allieviate (sic) our disappointments by the neglect of Lord Cochrane . Whatever Mr Dean may not have paid previous to my decease I expect now that he possesses the means he will forthwith remit to my said Wife for her use and the support of my two youngest Children since they have now little else to depend on.
“I have particularly desired him to remit to my friend Mr John Thomson late Purser of His Majesty’s Ship Blossom on this Station two hundred pounds sterling one hundred of which was advanced me merely for the support of Mr Dean’s Wife and Children when my funds were entirely exhausted and another hundred advanced my Wife in England in consequent of Mr Dean’s not remitting that amount by Mr Thomson as I desired and the situation in which she was placed on being so disappointed which induced my friend Thomson generously to advance the hundred pounds. These two hundred pounds I consider as peculiarly a debt of honour to be promptly paid by Mr Dean with lawful interest charging my account with the same…"
By July 1825, news must have reached William about Henry's financial success in Brazil. The phrase he uses "now that he possesses the means" in relation to Henry's debt to him (“a very considerable sum”) confirms the view that Henry did in fact have money at that time. This is important because when Henry sued Lord Cochrane in 1829 for c. £10,000 allegedly owed to him, the Court of Exchequer turned down his claim on the grounds that he had already had the money . Another important issue is, of course, whether or not Henry ever repaid William's loan and in particular the £200 owed to Mr Thomson.
William was said to have died "about two years ago" at the Court of Exchequer hearing in December 1828, i.e. towards the end of 1826 . It is surprising that his date of death is unknown but, nevertheless, when his widow Maria and his son William sought administration of his estate in England in April 1828, their declarations that he was dead seems to have satisfied the presiding Probate Court judge . The Dean family had returned to Chile in 1826 (their youngest daughter Amelia was born there , probably in June 1826 ). Their visit may have been solely connected with William but Henry might well have had some unfinished business in Valparaiso too. They must have stayed at least until September when William's Will was finally signed and witnessed  as they brought it back to England together with, no doubt, related business papers; that they left before he died would explain the absence of detail about his date of death and the whereabouts of his burial.
* Footnote: Brian Vale is a naval historian. He was a British Council officer in Brazil, the Middle East and Spain and from 1987 to 1991, he served as Assistant Director General in London. He was a contributor to the official history of the Brazilian Navy and is the author of Independence or Death, A War Betwixt Englishmen, A Frigate of King George, The Audacious Admiral Cochrane and Cochrane in the Pacific.
** Footnote: John Miers, English speculator, biographer and ally and business partner of Lord Cochrane, would later fall foul of this same Zenteno who “had no other motive for injuring me than that I was a foreigner and intruder on the soil of Chile, and a friend of Lord C…”  - which, of course, also applied to William.
SOURCES — THE LATER YEARS
1 Parish Registers of Jamaica, Kingston Parish. On the copy of the Register Entry Edward Bancroft has written: Christened in Margate Church, 18 April 1817, by the Revd George Augustus Lamb, Rector of Iden, Sussex, who was Godfather. Godmothers my sister Maria & Eliza Hoseason.
3 The Trader’s and Manufacturer’s Compendium; Containing the Laws, Customs, and Regulations Relative to Trade; Intended for the Use of Wholesale and Retail Dealers. Joshua Montefiore, London, 1804. Vol. I, Pages 92 & 93 — Defines a BANKRUPT thus: … is a person in trade who, from inability to make his payments, has had a commission of bankruptcy taken out against him. To make a man a bankrupt, it is necessary that he should be a dealer and chapman, or gain his livelihood by buying and selling; or, in other words, he must derive a profit from an uncertain and fluctuating capital stock: …
5 Napoleon is Dead: Lord Cochrane and the Great Stock Exchange Scandal, Richard Dale, The History Press, Cheltenham, England, 2007. The naval historian, Brian Vale, says Cochrane was "undoubtedly implicated"(email to John Green, 11 Sept 2015)
6 Edward Pellew Viscount Exmouth Admiral of the Red. C. Northcote, Parkinson, BA, 1934 — Methuen & Co. Ltd, 36 Essex Street, Strand, London, Chapter XI — Pages 385 & 386. "Pellew had also found a useful friend of a different kind - a gentleman called Hoseason…. To define Hoseason's occupation is impossible now and was probably difficult even then. But he appears to have made himself useful to a number of people, both in political and private affairs, Bentinck being among his friends or patrons. To Pellew he was useful as an agent and financial adviser".
7 Statutes of Great Britain and Ireland, 1816, page 729 “…Rt Hon Thomas Cochrane, commonly called Lord Cochrane…. Thomas Hoseason of Harley Street in the County of Middlesex, Esquire; William Hoseason of the Island of Jamaica, Esquire…”
12 Recollections of an Octogenarian. Henry Hill published at Boston — D. Lothrop and Company, Franklin Street, 1884. From an original copy held by Harvard University. Digital version courtesy HathiTrust.org — Page 115. (Several pages later (118 & 119), Henry speaks about Lord Cochrane saying "He gave some account of his romantic marriage, and mentioned several incidents in regard to Lady Cochrane and their wonderful little boy Thomas. I was often at their house, and knew a good deal about them.")
17 Receipt facsimile: “Quintero 16 Jany 1823 Recd from the Right Honble Lord Cochrane for acct of Wm Hoseason an order on the Supreme Government of Chile for Seventeen thousand, six hundred and eighty three dollars and five reals – $17,683.5 Henry Dean”. Image in Henry Dean’s writing attached to email from Brian Vale, 20 Sept 2015
19 Letter — W.S. Hoseason to HSH 14 Nov 1934: Admiral Hardy to the Admiralty on the strength and constitution of Cochrane’s fleet, signed “ – Hoseason, Sectery”. But as Hardy was CiC South America Station 1819-23, it is not possible to be sure which expedition is referred to.
23 The Times, London — Feb 24, 1829, Page 4 Col B, Court of Exchequer, Feb 21 Dean v. Lord Cochrane, “…Lord Cochrane thought proper to appoint him [Dean] to the situation of Judge Advocate of the Fleet. His Lordship also appointed the plaintiff to be his agent in all matters of prizes and prize-money…”
27 Ibid, Pages 338-9: "Lord Cochrane arrived at Quintero, bringing with him the D — — s, and all their family.” [AND] "Then Mrs. D — —'s room, where she, her husband, two children and two female servants, all live:"
28 Letter John Miers to Lord Cochrane, 16 March 1823, writing from Concon over several days, “I have returned from the City: on the road I passed Mr Dean on his way overland to Buenos Ayres to join you at Rio…”. BV email 13 Sept 2015
29 Letter from Dean to Cochrane, 5 Nov 1825, writing from 23 Surrey Street, Strand, “I wish to inform yr Lordship of my arrival at Falmouth from Bahia on 31st ult. with my family.” Brian Vale email 9 Sept 2015
31 Copy of Will — William Hoseason. “Proved at London 29th April 1828 before the Worpl John Danberry Doctor of Laws and Surrogate by the oaths of Maria Hoseason Widow the Relict and William Hoseason, the Son two of the Executors for England to whom admon was granted limited to the Deceased’s Effects in England but no further or otherwise being first sworn duly to administer. Power reserved of making the like Grant to Thomas Hoseason the Brother the other Executor for England.”
32 National Census 1851 — Civil Parish: St George Hanover Square; ED: 29cc; Piece: 1478; Folio: 180; Page: 35; Street Address: 11 Upper Eaton Street. — Amelia H H[M] Dean - abt 1827 - Valparaiso (British Subject) - Visitor
33 Parish Registers of England and Wales — Parish of St George Camberwell — Baptisms — 1830 March 26 — Amelia Hoseason — Henry and Eliza — Dean — Southampton St — Gent — J Image — (Amelia’s date of birth is noted as March 25, 1825. If this is correct, she could not have been born in Valparaiso.) Perhaps it should have read 1826)
[I am much indebted to Elisabeth Hoseason of Corsica who researched and wrote this account of William’s life.]
William married Maria Hill,15 daughter of Jacob Hill and Mary Anderson, on 18 Nov 1787 in Spanish Town, Jamaica 6.,7 Maria was born on 9 Jan 1773 in Parish of St Catherine's, Jamaica,16 was baptised on 30 May 1773 in Parish of St Catherine's, Jamaica,17 died on 15 Jun 1854 in 48 Brompton Square, London 15 at age 81, and was buried in Brompton Cemetery, London.3,18 The cause of her death was a carbuncle and exhaustion!.
Marriage Notes: William married Maria when she was only 14 years of age. Two hundred years or so on this seems a very young age for a bride, indeed it would be illegal in many Western countries in the 21st century, but such marriages occurred quite often in the 18th century. See William Espeut's marriage also. 19
General Notes: Little is known about
Maria's life in London after the family settled there on leaving Jamaica. When she
and her son William obtained probate for her husband's Will in 1828 they were
living in Camberwell and when she died she was living at 48 Brompton Square.
In all probability, her daughter Amelia lived with her until the latter married in 1836. Later, 1841 onwards, she is reputed to have looked after her granddaughter Maria, the child of her son Thomas. Presumably, her granddaughter remained with her until she died and arranged for her burial in Brompton cemetery (Grave No: 8792, Plot No: 2, 70).
It is said that one or more of her sisters also settled in London and, certainly, her sister Jane Reid is to be found in the 1851 Census. 3,20
+ 17 F i. Ursula Hill Hoseason 1,16 was born on 5 Oct 1788 in Spanish Town, Jamaica,1,16 was baptised on 3 Dec 1788 in Parish of St Catherine's, Jamaica,21 and died on 31 Dec 1830 in Kingston, Jamaica 1,22 at age 42.
18 F ii. Maria Hoseason 24 was born on 27 Sep 1790 in Spanish Town, Jamaica,24 was baptised on 27 Sep 1790 in St. Catherine's Parish, Jamaica,25 died in Spanish Town, Jamaica,26 and was buried on 1 Oct 1790 in St. Catherine's Parish, Jamaica.27
21 F vi. Jane Hoseason 33 was born on 25 Sep 1801 in Kingston, Jamaica,34 was baptised on 11 Oct 1802 in Kingston Parish Church, Jamaica,33 and was buried on 3 Oct 1803 in Kingston Parish Church, Jamaica.35
Some things about his life were:
• Naval Service: 1811 to 1870, Various Places. 38,39
The official record of William's naval service gives this information:-
Appointed Lieutenant, 28 Dec 1826; Commander, 9 Nov 1846; Captain, 6 Dec 1856. William served much of his career in the Navy's Transport Service and was Port Captain of Malta for 19 years before retiring in 1870. During the last 10 years or so of his service he was only on half pay.
• Report of death: 28 May 1877, London. 40 The Times gave this report of
We have to record in the death of Rear-Admiral William Hoseason, who died at 14, Newstead-road, Lee, on the 21st inst., in his 76th year. The deceased Admiral entered the Navy, May 24, 1811, and was advanced to Lieutenant, 1826, into the Bustard, 10, Capt Charles Elliott, on the Jamaica station. In February, 1831, he was appointed to the Nimrod, 20, Capt Sam Radford, on the Cork station; in the 1832, to the Excellent gunnery ship at Portsmouth; in 1833 to the Thunderer, 84, in the Mediterranean; and in 1837, 1839, and 1846 to the successive commands of the Pigmy, Prospero, Alecto, and Torch steamers. He was advanced to Commander in 1846, and from 1854 until promoted to post rank, December 6, 1856, was employed as agent float in charge of a division in the Transport Service. He retired in April, 1870, and became Rear-Admiral January 1, 1875.
• Probate Granted: 21 Jun 1877, London. 41 Effects: under £2,000
William married Elizabeth Ellen Bate on 19 Feb 1876 in Newbold on Avon, Warwickshire 1.,42 Elizabeth , was the daughter of George Thomas Bate and Sarah Ann Brown and was born in 1853 in Birmingham, Warwickshire
Marriage Notes: Very late in life, indeed,
only a little over a year before he died, William got married to a woman 51
years his junior; he was 74 years of age and she was 23. How they came to meet
or what their respective ambitions for this marriage were, we do not know for
certain but hers were, doubtless, to better her position - she was the daughter
of a Birmingham grocer who had died when she was about seven leaving his widow
with several small children to bring up. Suffice it to say, William died about
15 months after they married and Elizabeth was the sole beneficiary of his
Elizabeth, no doubt, mourned him as was appropriate but being unattached, unencumbered and fairly comfortably off (no doubt she got a proportion of William's pension as well as his estate) and only 24 years of age, it is not surprising that she was married again within 17 months of his death.
Her second husband, Robert Scott, was four years her junior and was a Clerk to a Member of the London Stock Exchange who may have been his father who was a broker in stocks and shares. Maybe, he had prospects as a Stock Broker, himself, but for her it must have been a far cry from being married to an elderly retired Rear Admiral!
It was surprising that Elizabeth did not have a child by William as she became pregnant quite quickly with Robert. Perhaps, William's advanced years impaired their fertility or Elizabeth took care not to be impregnated. 19
General Notes: Three years after her husband died, Amy's bachelor brother William, who was in the Royal Navy, was promoted to Commander and appointed as 'agent float' in charge of a division in the Transport Service in Malta. Amy joined her brother there, probably, with her nephew Charles, who was in her charge, and took over the running of his household. She died there in 1865. 46
Amy married Colonel George Orby Hunter in Aug 1836 in St. George's, Bloomsbury, London. George was born <1773> and died on 26 Apr 1843 in 6 Grand Rue, Dieppe, France at age 70.
General Notes: An anonymous
biography posted at the Hunter Family genealogical web site at Access
Genealogy.com says this of George:-
GEORGE ORBY HUNTER: (1773?-1843), translator of Byron into French, was probably the English officer of the name who was appointed Ensign in the old 100th Foot in 1783, promoted Lieutenant in the 7th Royal Fusilers [sic] in 1785, and after holding the adjutancy of the latter corps for a few years, sold out of the army in February 1790. The name does not occur in either the English or Indian army lists from 1790 to 1843. The register of deaths at Dieppe shows that "Georges Orby Hunter, Colonel of English Infantry, of the supposed age of 70, parentage and wife unknown, and having his domicile at No. 6 Grande[r] Rue Dieppe, died there on 26 April 1843." Hunter was engaged in a translation of Byron's works into French. He completed "The Gianour," "Bride of Abydos," "Cain," and the first 186 stanzas of "Don Juan." The work was finished by M. Pascal Rome [Ramé], and was published, in three vols. 8vo. at Paris in 1845.
There is a family story, no doubt apocryphal, that says that George had been persuaded to translate Byron's works by Louise Philippe, King of France, from whom George's wife is supposed to have received a pension after George died.
George's parents have not been identified either by the author of the piece above or this compiler but there may be a clue in his marriage to Amelia. Amelia's uncle, Thomas Hoseason lived near King's Lynn not very far from Crowland (Croyland) in Lincolnshire where the Orby Hunters had an estate. Both families had an interested in fen drainage and had been active, though at different times, in promoting Parliamentary Bills to carry out such projects; they may also have been known to each other through the Cochrane family into whom Thomas had married.
Amelia would have visited her uncle (who was also one of the executors of her father's Will) in Norfolk and may well have come to know George as a result. Whatever the situation, George was certainly connected to the Orby Hunters of Crowland and, were it not for his reported age in the French register (see above) implying that he was born in 1773, he might well have been a younger son of Sir Thomas Orby Hunter had not the latter died in 1769.
There is, however, another view about when George was born. J. Montgomery Seaver, when writing about the Hunter family in an American Historical-Genealogical Society publication (1929), suggests that George was born c.1765. Additionally, if he was indeed the Ensign commissioned into the old 100th of Foot (Loyal Lincolnshire Regiment) in 1783, he would have had to have been nearer 18 than 10 years of age, again pointing to a birth around 1765. If this date is correct, Sir Thomas could well have fathered him but that makes George about 38 years older than Amelia; quite a gap even for those days. It could be that he led her to believe that he was a little younger than he really was, which may account for his reported age at death; so, possibly, he really was born in about 1765. 15,47,48
+ 24 M ix. Thomas William Hoseason 49 was born on 20 Jun 1807 in Kingston, Jamaica,49 was baptised on 11 Jul 1807 in Kingston Parish Church, Jamaica,50 and died on 23 Jul 1841 in Freetown, Sierra Leone 3 at age 34.
15. Thomas Hoseason 1,5 was born <1765> in Lerwick, Shetlands,1,3,5 died on 5 May 1835 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, India 8 at age 70, and was buried on 5 May 1835 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, India.9
General Notes: Sometime Purser in
Royal Navy and later land agent or financial adviser to various prominent men.
Also, sometime owner of a farm or an estate known as Banklands in the parish of
Clenchwarton near King's Lynn.
Thomas may have become a purser during the time that they were the unpaid officers responsible for a ship's provisions and other stores, such as clothing, bedding, etc. They were expected in those times to make a living from the profit that could be obtained from this appointment and, judging by the popularity of the profession (there was no shortage of candidates despite the initial financial outlay) and the popular perception, pursers often did very well for themselves, doubtless, in many instances at the expense of the ship's crew. From some time in the mid 1780s pursers were paid and records do exist of some of the emoluments that Thomas received.
For a while, during the early years of the 18th century, Thomas was involved in a shorebased role dealing, inter alia, with the procurement of provisions, etc., for "H M Squadron to the East Indies". At that time he was employed as the Royal Navy's official representative in Madras and one or two official notices signed by him as "Secretary" concerning victualling contracts and payments are to be found in the editions of the Madras Courier of that period that have survived.
Unfortunately, the Navy Lists of the period do not record details concerning pursers so it is not known for sure when Thomas took on this role but there is a note in the muster records of HMS Suffolk that indicates that he was in Madras as early as June 1801. He relinquished the post in April 1806 and returned to England in the October of that year aboard the 861-ton Streatham.
It may well have been in an official capacity that he first met The Hon. Basil Cochrane in Madras and thus came to know his future wife, Angelica. Basil Cochrane was a senior merchant in the HEIC responsible for the supply of "spirituous liquors" and in ordering rum, wine and arrack for various ships, Thomas may well have had to negotiate with Basil. Angelica Cochrane was the daughter of Basil's brother John (see Angelica's Notes) and after the latter's death in 1801 (and the death of John's wife, Selina, in the same year), no doubt Basil took it upon himself to look after Angelica. Thomas and Basil formed a lasting friendship that resulted in, amongst other things, Thomas being one of the executors of Basil's Will and the happy recipient of a legacy of £5,000 from it.
Thomas, Angelica and Maria (George had died on the voyage), arrived back in England in the spring of 1807. On their return, they went to live in Harley Street, possibly in the same house that once had been occupied by Angelica's father. After a time, their first house in Harley Street, London, was not large enough to accommodate their burgeoning family and, possibly, their social ambitions, so they moved to No: 49 Harley Street; a much larger house which in modern times has formed part of the educational establishment for girls called "Queen's College".
Thomas seems to have been someone who, in present-day parlance, would be described as a good "networker" - he assiduously cultivated the connections that he had made whilst in the Navy, particularly in India - and seems to have earned a reputation as a successful negotiator, the latter skill no doubt honed whilst Naval Secretary in Madras.
For instance, he is reported to have been some sort of "adviser" to Admiral Sir Edward Pellew, Bart., later the 1st Viscount Exmouth, on the latter's return to England in 1809 after his command of the East Indies Squadron. C. Northcote Parkinson in his book about Sir Edward says "Pellew had also found a useful friend of a different kind - a gentleman called Hoseason. It is possible that this connexion was formed in India also. To define Hoseason's occupation is impossible now and was probably difficult even then. But he appears to have made himself useful to a number of people, both in political and private affairs, Bentinck [Lord William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck (1774-1839)] being among his friends or patrons. To Pellew he was useful as an agent and financial adviser".
In all likelihood, Thomas's friendship with Lord Bentinck also started in India when the latter was Governor of Madras between 1803 and 1807. Bentinck had land in Norfolk and Thomas appears to have undertaken the role of factor or land agent for that property. No doubt, that is how he came to acquire Banklands, near Lynn, for his own use.
Thomas also seems to have taken a lively interest in politics, both in London and in his local constituency of Lynn where for some years Lord Bentinck was one of its MPs; a letter of his to Sir Edward Pellew in 1810, quoted by Parkinson, discusses the merits of Sir Francis Burdett's radical party and letters and documents have survived showing his active interest in Parliamentary elections at Lynn and the Eau Brink Bill and other fen drainage schemes.
For some reason or other, in about 1833, Thomas decided to go to India with his son Charles, possibly, with the objective, amongst other things, of arranging for Charles's commission in the Indian Army. Why it was necessary for Thomas to go with Charles is unclear; Thomas was by then about 68 years old and the passage to India was not an easy one, taking as it did in those days¹ about six months or more, but being an old sailor he was probably not daunted by the prospect.
What is the more curious about this voyage is that Thomas had to obtain an advance from his wife's trustees of £500 "... for the outfit of himself and my dear son Charles on their voyage to India..." as she wrote in her Will. Clearly, his own finances were not in good shape and perhaps he hoped to restore his failing fortunes in India or, at least, to escape his creditors in England. Also, his flight to India may not be entirely unconnected with the fact that his friend and patron, Lord Bentinck, was Governor General of India by this time; very likely Thomas was hopeful of some preferment from him leading to a profitable appointment. In the event, he had to settle for being a JP in Calcutta.
Whatever the reason, Thomas and Charles departed for India, probably in the autumn of 1833, leaving, it would seem, Angelica in England with her two daughters, Maria and Jane, and perhaps her sons Thomas and Henry (her other son John, being about 24 years of age in that year, would have been serving in the Royal Navy). Before he left, Thomas made his last Will, which he signed in London on August 17, 1833.
Thomas duly became a magistrate in Calcutta before he died there in May 1835 (not a very competent one, if his obituary is to be believed!) and Charles duly got his commission as an Ensign in the 50th Madras Native Infantry only to die at sea, so it is reported, in September 1835; presumably as the result of an illness or an accident rather than enemy action.
Angelica died in September 1834 whilst taking the waters at Bath, after which her two daughters went out to India to join their father only to find that he had died shortly before they arrived. Maria was to die in Calcutta in June 1836, Jane found a husband in 1838 and, in the same year, Henry obtained a commission in the Madras NI. The children were fortunate in having John Cochrane, their mother's brother or half-brother, to fall back on after their father's death. He was an advocate at the Supreme Court and also a member of the Calcutta Standing Council to the East India Company, so he was a fairly influential person in Calcutta.
¹ Most voyages to India were still circumnavigating Africa in 1833 though by then the East India Company was experimenting with passages through the Red Sea using a small steamboat; this latter route did not really come into its own until a little later and it is unlikely that any of these Hoseasons benefited from it. 52,53,54,55,56,57,58
Some things about his life were:
• Obituary: 8 May 1835, Calcutta, India. 59 The India Gazette published this obituary for Thomas shortly after his death:-
THOMAS HOSEASON, ESQ.
We announced with great regret the demise of
Thomas Hoseason, Esq., one of the Magistrates of Calcutta, after a short but a
very severe attack of dysentery.
Mr. Hoseason, as our readers are aware, has frequently been noticed in these pages. His errors of judgment were sometimes treated with unsparing ridicule, and sometimes in a tone of grave and severe rebuke. We do not altogether reproach ourselves for the past if it has been productive for good to the public, for we felt it our duty to notice the errors of the worthy Magistrate; but we must be allowed to give vent to a regret that we are placed in a situation, however proud and honorable in itself, where we are exposed to the chance of sometimes wounding the feelings of the honest and the kind-hearted. Mr. Hoseason was one of the best and most liberal of men. We occasionally enjoyed a little of his society during the time he exercised judicial power in this town, and we could not help being at all times struck with the entire absence of anything like personal hostility which distinguished his bearing towards us. He would, indeed, sometimes, jocularly allude to the ' wiggings of the press' as he termed the notices of his little aberrations; but it was always coupled with a liberal allowance for the public situations of the parties who had occasionally been merry or angry at his expense. In a word, Mr. Hoseason seemed to us to overflow with "human kindness," and however he might officially err from want of local experience, or habitual disregard for the laws established for the guidance of justices, his intention, at the least, were [sic] always honest, and he was by no means devoid of a large share of good common sense.
Mr. Hoseason will, if we err not, be much lamented in the Society of Calcutta, amongst whom he was deservedly a great favourite; nor is it the least painful circumstance in the history of his demise that two of his daughters are daily expected to arrive from England where they had recently been deprived of the guardianship of their amiable mother. - Englishman
• Probate Granted: 22 Jul 1837, London. 60 Thomas's Will was:
Proved at London the 22nd July 1837 before the Worshipful Joseph Phillimore Doctor of Laws and Surrogate by the oath of Frederic Lane Esqre one of the surviving Exors to whom admon was granted having been a first sworn duly to administer power reserved for making the like grant to John Prescott Bleucowe Esquire the other surviving Exor when he shall apply for the same) Angelica Hoseason the wife of the testator died in his lifetime and Maria Ursula Hoseason Spinster the daughter of the said decd being also dead) (as by acts of Court appears)
Frederic Lane was one of Thomas's friends and was the family solicitor. According to the Legacy Duty records , Thomas's estate amounted to under £20 which is most surprising considering that he owned the farm or estate of Banklands but it may be that he had large debts in England at the time of his death.
General Notes: Angelica's surviving
siblings were Rear-Admiral Nathaniel Day Cochrane, RN, Colonel James Johnstone
Cochrane of the 3rd Guards and John Cochrane, an Attorney at Law in Madras and
a distinguished, international chess player. This being so, it is pretty
certain that Angelica's father was the Hon. John Cochrane, the third surviving
son of Thomas Cochrane, 8th Earl of Dundonald, and that she was born in Québec
sometime between 1776 & 1791 when John was one of the Army's Pay Agents in
Canada. This is confirmed by the fact that John's brother Basil (1753–1826)
treated Angelica and her brothers as if they were his niece and nephews and,
also, referred to his nephews in his Will as the "reputed" sons of
his brother ("reputed" in this context probably meaning that they
were born out of wedlock, which, of course, they all were); Basil's Will,
regrettably, does not mention Angelica's own relationship to John Cochrane but,
in the light of her brother Nathaniel's and James's Wills, in which she is
described as "my sister" by both of them, it is pretty certain that
they shared the same father. It is not clear, however, whether or not
Nathaniel's mother, Geneviève Dulan, was also the mother of Angelica and James
but it has been assumed for the moment that she was. Angelica's youngest brother
John Cochrane is said to have been born in 1797, by which time his father had
probably returned to England, and it may be that he had a different mother.
Basil was particularly generous in his Will to his brother John's children; leaving his two eldest nephews £3000 apiece, the youngest one £1000 and Angelica the interest and dividends from a £5,000 trust fund, which on her death was to go to her children. Furthermore, he appointed Nathaniel Cochrane one of his executors and seems to have been particularly close to Angelica and her husband Thomas (see Thomas's Notes) whom he was probably instrumental in bringing together and whose marriage he witnessed in Madras.
Like his brother Basil, John Cochrane, on his return to London, did finally get married to a Selina Fitzroy Birch in May 1800 but they had no children and he died not long after. On his marriage, he declared that he was a bachelor so confirming that he had fathered Nathaniel, James, John and Angelica out of wedlock; his brother Basil's Will shows that he, too, had been involved with at least two women in India, one of whom bore him five children, so that situation was fairly common in those times, particularly, in colonial territories.
Unfortunately, no Will of John's has been found and that of his wife Selina, not unsurprisingly, makes no mention of any of these children (indeed, Selina, leaves all her property to her married sister Emily Churchill), so at this time there is little documentary evidence of Angelica's and her brothers' births and early life. 61,62,63,64
Some things about her life were:
• Grant of Administration: 24th November 1834,
London. 65 On the the 24th November
1834 Admon (with the Will annexed) of the Goods Chattels and Credits of
Angelica Hoseason (wife of Thomas Hoseason Esquire) late of Banklands in the
Parish of Clenchwarton in the County of Norfolk deceased was granted to
Frederic Lane Esquire one of the Legatees in the Trust named in the said Will
limited so far only as concerns all the right title and interest of her the
said deceased in and to the sum of £5270-17-3 - three per cent Consolidated
Bank Annuities and the interest and dividends now due or hereafter to grow due
on the said sum and all the benefit and advantage to be had received and taken
therefrom and which the said deceased in virtue of the power and authority
vested in her by the Will of The Honourable Basil Cochrane deceased had a right
to dispose of and hast disposed of in and by her said Will accordingly but no
further or otherwise or in any other manner whatsoever having been first sworn
duly to administer... No Executor being named in the said Will.
Frederic Lane was a friend of the family and an attorney in King’s Lynn. He was, very likely, the family's solicitor.
Angelica's trust fund of £5270 and the income it produced of about £160 per annum does not seem very much by present day standards (2005) but the the equivalent figures today would be something like £358,000 & £10,800. She left it to her surviving children who turned out to be her three sons, Thomas, John & Henry, and her daughter Jane Janette; Charles and Maria both dying within a couple of years of this grant being made.
Children from this marriage were:
25 M i. George Rainier Hoseason 66 was born on 4 Jun 1804 in Madras, India,67 was baptised on 14 Oct 1804 in Fort St George, Madras Presidency, India, and died <1807> in passage from India to England at age 3.
General Notes: George was named after his father's commanding officer, Vice Admiral Peter Rainier (1741-1808) who was Commodore and Commander-In-Chief of the "East Indies Squadron" from 1799 to 1805 when he was relieved by Rear Admiral Edward Pellew.
26 F ii. Maria Ursula Hoseason was born in Jan 1806 in Madras,68 died on 28 Jun 1836 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, India 69 at age 30, and was buried on 29 Jun 1836 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, India.70
28 M iv. Captain John Cochrane Hoseason RN 15 was born on 8 Aug 1809 in Cavendish Square, London,71,72 was baptised on 25 Oct 1809 in St Mary's, Marylebone, London,72 and died on 26 Jan 1884 in 19 East Cliff, Dover 73 at age 74.
General Notes: It has not been discovered when John enter the Navy but he was appointed Lieutenant in 1837. ln 1844 he was promoted to Commander and served with this rank until his retirement in July 1864 at which time he was appointed Captain. At sometime in the early 1850s the records show that he was awarded a medal but it is not known what he did to deserve this.
Some things about his life were:
• Probate Granted: 1884, London. 74 John's Executors were James Alfred Hallet & William Charles Hallet, Naval Agents of 7 St Martin Place, Trafalgar Square, Middlesex, which suggests that he and Augusta had no children.
John married Augusta Harriot Mary Cockburn,76 daughter of Admiral of the Fleet Sir George Cockburn G.C.B. and Mary Cockburn, on 10 Jun 1856 in Holy Innocents Church, High Beach, Essex.75 Augusta was born <1814> in Middlesex, London and died on 8 Apr 1869 in 19 East Cliff, Dover 77 at age 55.
Marriage Notes: John and Augusta seem to have kept some style if John's household in 1881 is any guide. It consisted of a housekeeper, a valet/butler and cook. No doubt, the housekeeper was necessary after Augusta's death to help John run the house — he was a widower for nearly 15 years.
Some things about her life were:
• Probate Granted: 1869, London. 76,78 Estate: under £5000. Augusta's Executor was the Rt. Hon. Sir Alexander James Edmund Cockburn, Bt, Lord Chief Justice. Sir Alexander was Augusta's first cousin and, amongst other things, she left him a fine, small sword that had been presented to her father by Lord Nelson under whom he had served with some distinction. The sword is now in the National Maritime Museum's Collection at Greenwich.
General Notes: Thomas's father clearly subscribed to the principle that it helped a son's career if the child carried the name of some distinguished personage so he repeated the practice that he had used for his first son and named Thomas after Rear Admiral Sir Edward Pellew (1757-1833), later Admiral Sir Edward Pellew, Bart., 1st Viscount Exmouth, under whom he served as Naval Secretary in Madras between 1805 and 1807. The fact that Sir Edward later became a close friend of the Hoseason family in London may also have influenced Thomas senior's decision. 58
17. Ursula Hill Hoseason 1,16 was born on 5 Oct 1788 in Spanish Town, Jamaica,1,16 was baptised on 3 Dec 1788 in Parish of St Catherine's, Jamaica,21 and died on 31 Dec 1830 in Kingston, Jamaica 1,22 at age 42. Another name for Ursula was Ursilla.
General Notes: Ursula's death was
mentioned in a letter from John Hoseason of Annotto Bay, St Mary's, Jamaica,
dated 7th October 1831, to his brother Robert Hoseason of Udhouse, Shetlands.
The extract reads as follows:
"You will no doubt hear of poor Mrs Bancroft's death after much suffering & giving birth to her Seventh child which survived her only a few weeks. She was a sweet woman & I cannot tell you how much I feel her loss. The Doctor poor man is smarting under the hardships of the times in common with almost everyone else & is unable to send any of his children to England for their Education, indeed (between you & I) he is in difficulties — and it is distressing to me to be unable to assist him further than I have already done without leaving myself bare — I think however that something will turn up soon and — & that he may succeed in getting placed on full pay again which would materially assist him."
This extract was copied from the original letter by W. S. Hoseason on 17:VII:1934
[Doctor Bancroft did eventually succeed in getting placed on full pay again but that was not until 1840.] 1
Ursula married Dr Edward Nathaniel Bancroft M.D., F.R.C.P.,87 son of Dr Edward Bancroft M.D., F.R.S. and Penelope Fellows, on 6 Oct 1812 in Kingston Parish Church, Jamaica 22.,23 Edward was born on 16 May 1772 in Marylebone, London,87,88 died on 18 Sep 1842 in Kingston, Jamaica 87,89,90 at age 70, and was buried on 19 Sep 1842 in Kingston Parish Church, Jamaica.91
Marriage Notes: Edward was 40 years of age when he married
Ursula who was 16 years his junior.
A splendid letter has survived written by Edward to Ursula in August 1813, about 10 months after they were married, when she seems to have been away from their Kingston residence recuperating from an undisclosed illness. Her need for recuperation may have been as a result of a miscarriage because it was not until 2 years later that she bore their first child.
Edward's letter, which seems to have been in response to his wife's worries about his failure to write to her, contains a number of charming passages whose sentiments were, no doubt, the reason why the letter has survived all these years. Of these, the following are worth recording:-
"But why, sweet Ursula, should you permit such an apprehension to enter your mind as that you had done something that I had taken offence at? - It is, I am confident, quite impossible for you wilfully and unknowingly to do any thing of the sort, and I trust that I should be very loth & backward indeed so to misinterpret your actions as to consider them of an offensive character, when they can never be ought but what is beneficent, affectionate & proper. I am perpetually indeed erring in my judgment, but in regard to you I have never judged wrong, except in not rating you so highly as you really deserved. I loved you & married you with the expectation of finding sooner or later in you many or, at least a certain proportion, of the failings of your sex & of human nature, but in this alone I have erred that I supposed you rather to resemble other women, that to differ from them so materially as you do, to my infinite joy and pride and with the knowledge which I now possess of your exemplary principles, and steady conduct, I feel quite assured that nothing will ever be done by you that I can have just grounds to be offended at."
"Adieu, my excellent wife; make yourself as easy and comfortable as possible where you are, for I wish most ardently to have you here again ere long "
"Oh my love - how earnestly I do pray for the perfect reestablishment of your health! - Adieu, my dearest, sweetest Ursula - and believe me to be, while sensation shall be left to me...Your most faithful & affectionate friend, lover and Husband"
General Notes: The following account
of Edward's life is given in the family history of the Bancrofts:
"Edward Nathaniel was born on May 16th 1772 in the parish of Marylebone, London & spent his early life in London & Paris — In July 1783 he was placed under the care of Mr Rose at Chiswick, & that he was a clever boy is shewn by a letter written by him to his father in America in 1784, very well written and expressed, on family affairs & business. He was afterwards educated by Dr Samuel Parr & Dr Charles Burney, & eventually went to St John's College, Cambridge, and graduated as a bachelor of medicine in 1794. While yet at Cambridge in 1792 he went with the Hon'ble Thos. Walpole to Munich as his secretary, Walpole having been appointed Minister plenipotentiary there, and he travelled about Germany & the Low Countries learning the language & improving his knowledge.
In 1795 he was appointed a physician to the forces, and served under Sir Ralph Abercrombie [Commander-in-chief West Indies 1795 - 1797, where he took Grenada, Demerara, and Trinidad & relieved St Vincent] in the West Indies in from the end of 1795 until Dec'r 1797 — In 1798 & part of 1799 he was sole Inspector of Hospitals to the large army (about 20000 men) under General Lord Howe in the Eastern District — He then served in Portugal and was head of the British Hospital Staff in that kingdom.
In 1800 he served under Sir Ralph Abercrombie, & Lord Hutchinson in the Mediterranean & in Egypt, & was in charge of pest houses in Aboukir in 1801, returning to England in 1802. He proceeded to the degree of M.D. 1804, & practised as a physician in London, retaining half pay the rank in the army. He joined the College of Physicians in 1805 & became a fellow in 1806, and was appointed to give the Gulstonian lectures at the same year. In 1808 when only 36 years of age he became Censor, doubtless for the reason that he tried to do the monopoly of the College some service by pamphleteering against the growing pretentions [sic] of Army Surgeons.
He was appointed physician of St George's Hospital, London in 1808, which was considered a most distinguished appointment, carrying as it did a large portion of the West End practices. In 1811 however, owing to ill health in consequence of a pulmonary affection which was rapidly undermining his constitution, he was forced to give up that appointment, & went to Jamaica where he resumed his full pay as physician to the forces & was appointed Deputy Inspector General of Army Hospitals. Soon after that however, he went on half pay again & practised as a physician in Jamaica.
On Oct 6th 1812 he married at the Parish Church, Kingston, Jamaica, Ursula Hill, daughter of William Hoseason of Jamaica, & by her had two sons & three daughters. She died Jan 31st 1830. In 1840 he again asked to be put on full pay, in order that he might get his son, William Charles, into Sandhurst (letter of Mrs Espeut his daughter), and remained on full pay until his death which took place on the 18th Sept 1842 at Kingston, Jamaica. A mural tablet to his memory was placed in the Cathedral Church of Kingston "by the physicians & surgeons of Jamaica"." 22
Some things about his life were:
• Education: 1789-1794, Cambridge. Name: Edward Nathaniel.
Bancroft. College: ST JOHN'S. Entered: Michs. 1789. Born: 1772. Died: Sept. 18,
More Information: Adm. sizar (age 17) at ST JOHN'S, June 29, 1789; re-adm. Fell.-Com. Apr. 17, 1794. Of Middlesex. S. of Edward, M.D., F.R.S. (for whom see D.N.B.). B. 1772, in London. Matric. Michs. 1789; Scholar; M.B. 1794; M.D. 1804. Physician to the Forces, 1795; served with the Army in the Windward Islands, Portugal and elsewhere. Returned to England and settled in London. Adm. candidate of the College of Physicians, Apr. 8, 1805. Fellow, 1806; Censor, 1808. Physician to St George's Hospital, London, 1808-11. Went to Jamaica as Physician to the Forces, 1811. Deputy Inspector of Hospitals (brevet) 1817; Deputy Inspector-Gen. of Army Hospitals, 1840-2. Author, medical, etc. Died Sept. 18, 1842, aged 70, at Kingston, Jamaica. Buried there. M.I. Perhaps brother of Samuel (1792). (St John's Coll. Adm., IV; Munk, III. 31; D.N.B.)
• Obituary: 26 Sep 1842, Kingston, Jamaica. 92 A Jamaican newspaper published this report of Edward's life:-
THE LATE DR BANCROFT
It was our painful duty in last week's Standard to record the death of Edward
Nathaniel Bancroft, M. D., Graduate of the University of Cambridge, Fellow of
the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons, London, Inspector General to the
Army in this Island, and a member of a variety of learned and scientific
societies abroad, with many of the professors of which he was in literary
communication, and by whom his high character and extensive attainments
obtained the acknowledgement which they deservedly merited. Among his
contemporaries in England, by whom he was held in considerable estimation, we
may insert the names¹ of Halford, Heberden, ????, and Baillie. With the latter
especially, he was particularly intimate, and of whom he was accustomed to
speak in terms of the highest admiration. The brief memoir which we are thus
introducing to our readers, has been presented to us by one who gained it from
Doctor Bancroft himself on various occasions, and the materials have in
consequence being thrown together without any reference to date order.
Doctor Bancroft's professional career was ultimately divided not by choice but by destiny. Having been elected a Physician to St Georges Hospital, which is a most distinguished appointment, carrying as it does with it a considerable portion of the practice of the West End of London, almost considered as a contingent upon it; his disappointment was so much the greater, in finding that he could not retain the office, in consequence of a pulmonary affection, which was rapidly undermining his constitution. He did not, however, abandon his post until he had procured the advice of the chief physicians then living, who decided upon the absolute necessity of his doing so.
Doctor Bancroft shortly afterwards joined the staff of Sir Ralph Abercrombie, and served under that gallant officer in Egypt. He visited the Continent professionally, to be in attendance upon the Honble Mrs Ellis, the present Lord Seaford's wife. Before his arrival, however, the lady died - upon which he made the tour of Europe - thoroughly acquainting himself with all that was to be found remarkable in the countries through which he passed - France and Spain, Portugal and Italy were severally examined by him, as well as Malta, and the most interesting of the islands in the Grecian Archipelago. As he travelled, he did not fail to instruct himself in the several languages, and with such assistance and a most comprehensive mind, as well as a most inquiringof indefatigable spirit, he furnished himself with a store of literary knowledge of a character so general as seldom falls to the lot of a single man to possess. Having been appointed Secretary to the British Delegation at Munich, which deputation was then in the occupation of the Earl of Oxford - another very celebrated man in the world of letters - he had an opportunity of extending his favourite studies throughout Germany and the Low Countries. Subsequently Doctor Bancroft repaired to the West Indies, among the Winward [sic] Isles of which he remained for some time; and was then presented as Chief of the Army Medical staff in Jamaica of which he was afterwards for a period deferred, but to which he was restored about two years since. We have thus given to our readers a summary of the life of a gentleman whose death we are persuaded will be greatly lamented by those who wished to be assisted in their laudable endeavours to obtain knowledge, for Doctor Bancroft was studiously attentive and patient, neither trouble, nor time, indisposition or occupation (unless of an extraordinary nature) were ever allowed to form obstacles either to his acquiring or imparting knowledge. He was in every sense a gentleman and a scholar, on whom nature had bestowed more than her ordinary gifts.
Doctor Bancroft's work on Yellow Fever² about which so much has been said and written, has now gained the status which it long ago ought to have done - a new edition of it has been called for, and we learn that it has also become a class or text book - a work to be studied in a course of medical education at Edinburgh - We have finished - Requiereat in pace!
¹ Of Edward's contemporaries mentioned above, Sir Henry Halford (1766-1844) was an eminent physician who was for 24 years President of the Royal College of Physicians; Matthew Baillie (1761-1823) was an equally eminent physician and anatomist who published The Morbid Anatomy of Some of the Most Important Parts of the Human Body (1793), a work for which he is famous, and William Heberden (1710-1801), also a physician, was for many years personal physician to the Queen — Samuel Johnson, whom Heberden attended, called him "the last of our learned physicians".
² Edward's work on Yellow Fever entitled An Essay on the Disease Called Yellow Fever, with Observations Concerning Febrile Contagion, Typhus Fever, Dysentery and the Plague was published in London in 1811 with a forward by his father. He produced a sequel to this in 1817. Though these works contained many interesting records of disease, their value was somewhat undermined by Edward's bias towards the theory that such diseases were noncontagious and by his endorsement of the view that Yellow Fever & Malaria were identical.
Comment: The author of this obituary, as mentioned in the text, had little knowledge of the chronology of the events in Edward's life which are noted here.
Children from this marriage were:
General Notes: Edward is said to
have run away to sea and died in Spain while serving with the "Foreign
Legion". It is quite probable that Edward served with a "Foreign
Legion" in Spain but it is likely that this was the British Auxiliary
Legion that was raised by the British Government to assist the Spanish
Government in the summer of 1835. His uncle, Thomas Hoseason, joined this force
in that year - see his notes also - and no doubt had an influence on Edward's
decision to volunteer as a legionnaire.
The British Auxiliary Legion fought in the first Carlist War (1833-1840) that followed the death of King Ferdinand VII of Spain. Spain at that time was divided into two factions, the Cristinos (or Isabelinos) representing the interests of Queen Regent Cristina and her infant daughter Isabel II, and the Carlists who supported Don Carlos, the brother of the late King and the pretender to the throne. After six years of bloody conflict in the Carlos fled to France leaving the remnants of his army to soldier on for a few more months before many of them too sought refuge in France and the conflict petered out.
During this war, several battalions of the British Auxiliary Legion supported the Cristinos. The British, who were led by Colonel George De Lacy Evans, fought in many successful engagements and contributed considerably to the Cristinos eventual victory.
The greater part of the British Auxiliary Legion arrived in Spain towards the end of 1835 and saw action during 1836 and 1837, so it is very likely that Edward died during this period.
Of those British legionnaires who died in Spain, some were killed in action or died subsequently from their wounds, others were shot after being taken prisoner by the Carlists who deemed foreign legionaries to be outside the normal conventions with regard to prisoners of war and the rest, by far the greatest number, died as a result of disease, principally typhus, and malnutrition. 95,99
37 F iv. Marianne Augusta Bancroft 100 was born on 13 Nov 1822,100 was baptised on 19 Aug 1823 in Kingston Parish Church, Jamaica,102 and died on 29 May 1891 in Beaufort House, Oxford-road, Gunnersbury, Chiswick 103,104 at age 68.
Some things about her life were:
• Grant of Administration: 13 Apr 1892, London,
England. 105 Effects: £90 8s 6d
Augusta married Peter Alexander Espeut,87 son of William Francis Espeut and Joséphine Périne Adèle Du Bourg, on 18 Sep 1842 in Kingston, Jamaica 87.,106 Peter was born on 23 Aug 1816 in Hope Hill, Parish of Metcalfe, Jamaica 87 and died on 11 Jun 1868 in The Retreat, St Andrews, Jamaica 87,107 at age 51.
Marriage Notes: Marianne and Peter were married by special licence at 2am on September 18th 1842 at her dying father's bedside. He lived for another 19 hours.
General Notes: R. J. Green whose
information came from Peter's daughters Julie Vidal (née Espeut) and her sister
Helen Oakes, paints a rather moralistic picture of Peter writing as he does of
him: "When Peter Alexander Espeut died there was chaos in the family
affairs. Due to his extravagant hospitality and having no sense of thrift he
left no means.... almost everything had to be sold and no care was taken of
much apart from family belongs."......"P.A. Espeut thought nothing of
entertaining an entire regiment of soldiers. He put up the officers in his
house and accommodated the men in his enormous outbuildings. Next to the Governor
he was the most influential man on the Island. His wife lead [sic] society in
Kingston. A home with the score of indoor servants and more outdoor than there
was work for, two other residences, Mount Espeut and Dover Castle, and
everything carried out with a lavishness that was really wicked waste, resulted
in the properties being mortgaged up to the hilt".
Apart from this anecdotal information, parts of which are, no doubt, rather exaggerated, little is known about Peter's lifestyle or activities. Before his father died he seems to have been involved with the Planters Bank describing himself in 1843 as "Cashier " there and later as "Banker". Following his father's death in 1846, he must have inherited some of his father's Jamaican property and it is about this time that we find him purchasing the "Retreat" on the outskirts of Kingston. Following that acquisition, he bought various other properties; these being Dover Castle (a sugar estate in the north of the Island) and Mount Espeut (a residential property in the St Catherine's hills northeast of Kingston) and two other sugar estates, Leith Hill in St Thomas in the East and Greenwich Hill.
Unfortunately, details of Peter's financial affairs at his death are not known but from the probate records in Jamaica it would appear that there was little or nothing left for Marianne after his estate had been wound-up and the family's circumstances after his death seem to confirm that position.
Whether or not the parlous state of his finances was because of his reputed extravagant lifestyle or because of the declining of sugar production in Jamaica is not known. Perhaps it was a combination of both circumstances. (NOTE: Sugar plantations, which were his main assets and source of income, went into even greater decline - many had already become uneconomic after slave labour ceased to be available in 1838 - following the removal of tariff protection on colonial produce in the British market in 1846.)
Whatever the case, his wife and family were left with very little in the way of income and were forced to dispose of all the family's properties. This seems to have happened over a period of seven or eight years following which his wife and her five unmarried daughters left Jamaica and settled in England. Had it not been for the generosity of his wife's brother, Lt. General Wm. Bancroft, who provided an annuity for her (said to be £800 pa, though that seems to be a very substantial figure for those times and is completely out of kilter with General Bancroft's financial situation), she and her unmarried daughters would have been more or less destitute in England, there being no support forthcoming from the two sons who remained in Jamaica. 108
Some things about his life were:
• Will: 8 Jun 1863, Jamaica. 109
He left everything to his wife Marianne during her lifetime or widowhood. On
her death or her remarriage, his estate was to be equally divided between all
the surviving children of both his marriages.
He appointed as his executors, his wife, Hon. Henry Westmoreland of St Andrews, Hon. William Hosack of St George & Stephen Cave of London.
The witnesses were: Julia S. G. Georges & Francis B. Lynch
It is interesting that Peter should have treated all his children equally in his Will; perhaps, that was due to the influence of his French heritage.
• Report of death: Jun 1868, Kingston, Jamaica. 110 The "Gleaner" in Kingston reported Peter's death as follows:
Death of P. A. Espeut
We deeply regret in having to announce the death of the Hon. Peter
Alexander Espeut, which occurred on Wednesday afternoon last at his residence
at 'Retreat' in St. Andrew's. Mr. Espeut was in the prime of life and up to the
period of his last illness, would have been pronounced by anyone who saw him to
have been in the bloom of health. But it was proved that his appearance was
deceptious, as an incurable malady had already made serious inroad upon his
constitution. He suddenly became ill and, when circumstances permitted, he left
the county on a trip to the Windward Islands in the hope of recruiting his
strength, so as to be able to undergo further medical treatment. His hopes were
not realised, his strength gave way the more, and he returned here in the
'Atrato' on the 14th instant only in time to end his life in his own home, and
among his family and friends.
The Hon. Mr. Espeut has long been connected with this island, holding property both in St. Andrew and St. Thomas, having a fine Sugar estate in the latter parish. He was for many years Official Assignee for Cornwall, in conjunction, in anticipation, it was reported, of some changes contemplated by the Government which were to place him in a higher and more responsible position. Under the old regime , he was for several years connected with political life, commencing with the representation of Kingston in the House of Assembly, as colleague of the Hon. Mr. Jordon and the late Mr. March. After holding his seat for some time, a general election came round, and he and Mr. March had to make way for Charles Levy, Esq., and the Hon. Dr. Bowerbank. He was elected for St. John, for which parish he sat until the abolition of the Assembly. He had also been an Alderman for Kingston, and held commissions of the Peace for several parishes, and soon after the late disturbance, he was appointed Custos of St. Thomas in the room of the late lamented Baron Ketelhodt. He was a gentleman of intelligence, was esteemed by all who knew him, and his death will be generally regretted. As a mark of respect for his memory the flags of the Commercial Exchange, the RM Company and the Museum of the Royal Society of Arts were kept at half-mast all yesterday.
• Probate Granted: 17 Jun 1868, Jamaica. 109 When Peter's estate was wound up, it was found that he was more or less insolvent and there were, therefore, no assets left for Marianne to inherit.
39 M vi. Lt. General William Charles Bancroft was born on 22 Jun 1826 in Kingston, Jamaica,96 was baptised on 14 Dec 1833 in Kingston Parish Church, Jamaica,98,111 died on 30 Jan 1903 in Knellwood, Farnborough, Hampshire 112 at age 76, and was buried on 3 Feb 1903 in Farnborough Cemetery, Farnborough, Hampshire.113
General Notes: This account is
taken from the "Bancroft Family" written by his daughter Edith
William was educated in Germany and received his first commission after Royal Military College, Sandhurst, in the 3rd West India Regiment in June 1844. Four years later he was transferred to the 76th Foot and subsequently, in 1850, to the 16th Bedfordshire Regiment in which he remained for the rest of his service.
He was aide-de-camp to General Bunbury and to Sir Henry Barclay in Jamaica and afterwards to the latter in Australia where he met and married Eliza. Sometime around the beginning of 1864 William, then a Captain, returned to England and rejoined his Regiment, the Bedfordshire. He served with this regiment in England, Ireland, the West Indies, Canada (during the Fenian Insurrection¹) and in India, rising eventually to take command. He later went on to command the 16th Regimental District and also the 12th Brigade Depot at Preston.
William had been made up to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in 1872 when he took command of his Regiment but did not receive a substantive commission until he commanded the Brigade Depot in 1879. He was made a Major General in April 1883 and later retired with the honorary rank of Lieutenant General at the end of 1887. In May 1900 he was appointed Colonel of the Bedfordshire Regiment, an appointment he held until he died.
In the 1889, he purchased the property of Knellwood in Farnborough and lived there with his family for the rest of his life.
He was a Freemason, a Member of the Geographical Society and of the United Service Institution, and also of the United Service & Junior United Service Clubs. He was also interested in the Primrose League and was made a Knight thereof in July 1890.
In 1872 he published a translation (presumably from German) of the Introduction to the employment of Krieg's Spiel apparatus. The British Library has a copy of this work.
¹ A force of one brigade of the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB), a secret revolutionary group founded in Dublin on March 17, 1858, by James Stephens, under the command of Colonel John O'Neill. 114,115
Some things about his life were:
• Report of death: Feb 1903, London, England. 116 The Times reported William's death as
The Colonelcy of the Bedford Regt. is vacant by the death on Friday evening at the age of 76 at his residence Knellwood, Farnborough of Lieut. General W. C. Bancroft. He entered the army as an ensign in the 3rd West India Regt.& being transferred to the 16th Foot (now the Bedfordshire Regt.) in 1850, served with that Regt. for many years. He reached the rank of Colonel in August 1872 and that of Major General in April 1883. He was placed on the retired list on December 31st 1887 & since May 1900 had been Colonel of the Bedfordshire Regt.
• Funeral: 3 Feb 1903, Farnborough, Hampshire. 117 A local newspaper reported William's death and funeral as follows:-
DEATH OF LIEUT.
FUNERAL ON TUESDAY
An old resident of Farnborough, and a veteran of the Army, passed away
in the person of Lieutenant-General W. C. Bancroft, who died at his residence,
Knellwood, Farnborough, on Friday morning, after a short illness. General
Bancroft was placed on the retired list in December, 1887, and has spent most
of his time since that date in Farnborough. He lived a retired life, and never
sought publicity of any sort in the place which he had chosen for his
residence, his name being perhaps best known to the generality of the town by the
negotiations which ended in the purchase by the Urban District Council of
certain land belonging to him for the purpose of the sewage scheme. He was,
however, highly respected by those who came in contact with him, either as his
equals or as servants, and his beautiful grounds at Knellwood were thrown open
on occasions for garden parties, etc., in connection with the Church.
William Charles Bancroft was the second son of the late Dr. Edward Nathaniel Bancroft, M. D., F.R.S., etc., and was born in Jamaica, June 2nd, 1826. He was educated in Germany, and received his first commission in the 3rd West India Regiment in June, 1844. Four years later he was transferred to the 76th Foot, and in 1860 to the 16th Foot,, now the Bedfordshire Regiment, of which he was Colonel from May, 1900, to the time of his death. He attained the rank of colonel in August, 1872, and major-general in April, 1883, and retired with the honorary rank of lieutenant-general on December 31st 1887. He was Aide-de-Camp to General Bunbury and Sir Henry Barkley in Jamaica, and afterwards to the latter in Australia, where he married the eldest daughter of Mr. Henry Miller, of Melbourne. General Bancroft was a Freemason, a member of the Royal Geographical Society, and of the United Service Institution, and also the United Service and Junior United Service Clubs. General Bancroft had been ailing for some time, but the illness which finally claimed him as its victim only lasted some three days. Mrs. Bancroft pre-deceased him by some years, but General Bancroft leaves three daughters.
The internment took place at Farnborough Cemetery on Tuesday
afternoon, under atmospheric conditions which made Nature seem a sympathiser.
Overhead what Tennyson so aptly described as "an under-roof of doleful
grey" was broken by streaks which suggested rather than revealed the
sunshine beyond, and spoke vaguely of "the larger hope." The funeral
cortège arrived at the cemetery shortly after three o'clock, and already there
was a considerable gathering of sympathisers, though the late General led a
very quiet life at Knellwood, and outside the circle of immediate friends was
known only by name in the neighbourhood in which he had spent so many of the
declining years of his life. The service in the cemetery chapel and at the
graveside was conducted by the Rev. A. E. Kinch, rector of Farnborough,
assisted by the Rev. G. Cotesworth, vicar-designate of St Mark's, Farnborough.
Among those who were present at the graveside to pay their last duty to the
departed General were: - Mrs. Alexander and Mrs. Cooke (daughters), Captain
Alexander, Mr. and Mrs. Oakes, Mr. Charles Stanley, Mr. Alan Stanley, the Rev.
G. C. Carter, Miss Kinch, General Clive Justice, C.M.G., Colonel Wavell,
Colonel Carlyon, and Mr. H. Foard Harris.
The deceased General was laid to rest in a vault lined with yew branches and white chrysanthemums, as quietly as he had lived, and there was a conspicuous absence of the pomp and pageantry which sometimes attends the funerals of those who have attained such distinguished rank in the Army. Major J. S. Lightfoot was present to represent the Bedfordshire Regiment, with which General Bancroft's service was connected. The body which was conveyed in a hearse, and covered with the Union Jack, was escorted by a contingent of non-commissioned officers, consisting of Sergeant Major Peirce (16th Regimental District), Quartermaster-Sergeant Thompson, Quartermaster-Sergeant Smith, Colour-Sergeant Cockings (Depôt), and Colour-Sergeant Marshall, Colour-Sergeant Selman, Colour-Sergeant Seabrooks, and Bandmaster King (3rd Battalion Bedfordshire Regiment). On the grave were laid some very choice wreaths, arum lilies and magnificent violets being the most conspicuous features, though lilies of the valley and white narcissi also featured prominently. The following is a list of the wreaths and their inscriptions: -
"For dear Uncle, from Nellie and Hilda [Hildy] Oakes, with much sorrow. "
"In loving memory of dear Uncle, from Bessie Espert [Espeut]."
[The list continues with many more wreaths from various Regimental sources and personal friends]
• Grant of Administration: 5 May 1903, London, England. 118 Effects: £6282 14s 1d Resworn: £7036-14-3
William married Eliza Henrietta Miller,119 daughter of Henry Miller and Unknown, on 18 Jul 1860 in St Peter's Church, Melbourne, Australia.111 Eliza was born in 1836 in Tasmania,119 died on 31 May 1895 in Knellwood, Farnborough, Hampshire 120,121 at age 59, and was buried in Farnborough Cemetery, Farnborough, Hampshire.113
Some things about her life were:
• Probate Granted: 10 Jul 1895, London. 122 Effects: £5771 16s 1d
General Notes: Harry was granted a
Purser's warrant in the Royal Navy on the 8th of May 1814 and for the next 36
years or so he served on various ships, latterly under the title of Paymaster
and Purser, until he retired sometime around 1850.
Pursers in the Royal Navy in the early 19th century were ranked, along with ships' masters, boatswains, surgeons, carpenters and cooks, as warrant officers and, in keeping with the social mores of the times, were not members of a ship's wardroom.
Pursers were responsible for a ship's provisions and some of its other stores, such as clothing, bedding, fuel, lighting and other everyday items needed by the crew. Having a captive audience, pursers were able to make a profit on the goods that they sold to the crew and, of course, there were opportunities to make money in various other ways. It is not surprising, therefore, that pursers of that period were often regarded with considerable distrust by their ship's crew who generally held the view that pursers "feathered their nest" at their expense. Towards the end Harry's career pursers were made responsible, in addition, for the crew's pay and allowances; hence the change of Harry's title to Paymaster and Purser.
To become a purser, a candidate had to serve a year as a clerk to someone with the rank of captain (or longer with someone of lesser rank) in order to learn how a ship was operated. In addition, a candidate had to be able to put up a sum of money as surety for the provisions, etc., supplied to the ship by the Navy and to purchase his warrant (circa £65). The amounts of the surety varied with the size of ship and Harry would have had to have been able to put up at least £25,000 in present-day value (2002), and perhaps very much more, to secure his appointment.
Traditionally, pursers had not been paid by the Navy and had been expected to make their living from the profits that were assumed would accrue from their business activities. There appears to have been no shortage of people willing to take up the role so it must have been considered a worthwhile occupation but the pressure to make a profit in the absence of a salary, no doubt accounts the sailor's deep suspicion of that profession in the 18th and 19th century.
By the time that Harry obtained his warrant, pursers were being paid and he might have obtained a salary ranging from about £49 pa to £83 pa¹ depending on the size of the ship on which he served. Also, pursers were entitled to 1/8th of any prize money awarded, in the event of their ship capturing a prize. It is not known how Harry prospered as a purser but he remained one for many years, so one can only suppose that it turned out to be a successful profession for him.
¹ £2,925 to £5,395 at present-day values (2002) 1,125
Sophia married William Henry Cheetham,29,131 son of John Cheetham and Sarah ———, in Oct 1840 in Kensington, Middlesex 129.,130 William was born on 20 Sep 1813 in Woolwich, Kent,131 was baptised on 20 Aug 1814 in St Mary Magdalene, Woolwich, Kent,131 and died in 1898 in Woolwich, Kent 132 at age 85.
Marriage Notes: The 1871 Census shows three children living with William; Sophia aged 30, Mary aged 26 & Edward aged 14.
General Notes: In the 1871 Census, William is described as:- Retired 1st Class Clerk, War Office.
43 F iii. Amelia H M Dean 46 was born <1826> in Valparaiso, Chile.
24. Thomas William Hoseason 49 was born on 20 Jun 1807 in Kingston, Jamaica,49 was baptised on 11 Jul 1807 in Kingston Parish Church, Jamaica,50 and died on 23 Jul 1841 in Freetown, Sierra Leone 3 at age 34. The cause of his death was Yellow fever.3
General Notes: Little is known about Thomas's shortish
life. It is said that after his marriage to Fanny he volunteered for the
British Auxiliary Legion and fought in the first Carlist War in northern Spain
between 1835 & 1838. On the face of it, it seems an odd thing for someone
to do having just got married but, very likely, he had no money on which to
support a wife and the child that was soon to arrive (Fanny was eight months
pregnant when they married) in a separate establishment. So by absenting
himself from England he allowed Fanny to continue to live with her parents and
have her baby there; it also, no doubt, allowed Fanny's parents to get
accustomed to the idea of their clandestine marriage and their new
granddaughter. (See Marriage Notes)
In the early part of the 19th century the British became involved in constitutional matters in Portugal and Spain. In both countries absolute monarchists had recently died and there were challenges to their more liberal successors; in Portugal, Don Miguel contested the right of his niece Maria II to take the throne and in Spain Don Carlos challenged his infant niece's right to the succession. In both cases in the challengers favoured an absolutist regime, whereas the general population were warm to a more liberal form of government and a more tolerant religious environment.
In April 1834 Britain and France entered into an alliance with Spain and Portugal with the objective of supporting constitutional government in those two countries and sought to persuade the two contenders, Dom Miguel and Don Carlos, to stand down. The Alliance was successful in Portugal and Dom Miguel did relinquish his claim but Don Carlos and his supporters, principally from the Basque region, chose to pursue their cause and the civil war in Spain worsened.
Britain had promised arms and naval assistance and the Spanish government, which was in danger of imminent collapse, took up this promise and also requested an armed British force of 10,000 men. They would have preferred these soldiers to have come from the regular British Army but there was opposition at Westminster to this and, as a consequence, an "irregular" force of volunteers was recruited under the flag of the British Auxiliary Legion. This mercenary force was properly enlisted and officially paid but, nevertheless, was not seen as being directly under the authority of the British Government and, therefore, did not entail quite the same political consequences in the event of failure.
By October 1835 about 7800 officers and men had been recruited and transported to Spain and saw action during 1836 and 1837. The British force, which was eventually build up to a strength of about 10,000 and which was led by Colonel George De Lacy Evans (ranked locally as a Lieutenant-General), fought in many successful engagements and contributed considerably to the Cristinos eventual victory. (The Cristinos or Isabelinos were the supporters of Queen Regent Cristina and her infant daughter Isabel II who represented constitutional government in Spain).
Thomas's action in joining the British Auxiliary Legion may well have encouraged his young nephew, Edward Bancroft, to do the same (see Edward's notes) but he at least survived the campaign; Edward was not so lucky. Thomas was fortunate to have done so as the Legion's casualties were high with about a quarter of the total force being killed in battle or dying subsequently from their wounds or from disease and malnutrition. Interestingly enough, two thirds of British deaths were the result of disease (mainly typhus) and malnutrition.
After his return to England late in the summer of 1837, Thomas applied to join the Colonial Service and was eventually posted to Sierra Leone. It was here he and Fanny died of yellow fever in 1841.3
Thomas married Frances Penelope Clarke,15 daughter of Dr Charles Edward Clarke and Susannah Skinner, on 18 Jul 1835 in St George's, Hanover Square, London 3.,51 Fanny was born on 16 Apr 1815 in London, England 3 and died on 10 Jul 1841 in Freetown, Sierra Leone 3,15 at age 26. The cause of her death was Yellow fever.3
Marriage Notes: Thomas was 28 years
of age when he married Fanny; she being just 20. It is not known how long they
had known each other but Fanny's mother was, apparently, very much against them
marrying; events, however, in the shape of Fanny's eight-month pregnancy, took
a hand and they were married secretly in July 1835.
Sadly, Thomas and Fanny both died of yellow fever within days of each other leaving four small children (the youngest barely five months old) to be brought up by various friends and family members. 3
Children from this marriage were:
General Notes: On the death of her parents, Maria was looked after by her grandmother, Mrs William Hoseason. When her grandmother died 1854 she went to live with her uncle William in Malta where she died four years later. 46
General Notes: Fanny was adopted by
Mr and Mrs S. C. Hall after the death of her parents; the only one of the
Hoseason children to be so treated. Mr and Mrs Hall have not been absolutely
identified but they may well be the Mr and Mrs Samuel Carter Hall who were
living in Kensington, Middlesex, that time of the 1841 Census and were
childless. Mr Hall was a barrister. It is not known whether or not they had any
connection with the Hoseason or Clarke families.
Fanny is said to have been introduced to Jules Rochat by the Halls; he was related to either Mr or Mrs Hall. 46,136
General Notes: Some time Civil Servant working in the War Office.
Some things about his life were:
• Probate Granted: 29 Dec 1914, London. 138 Effects: £5078 0s 11s
General Notes: Madras Staff Corps. Sometime ADC to the Viceroy of India 15
Some things about his life were:
• Report of death: 31 Dec 1895, London. 144 The Times reported Henry's
death as follows:-
The death has been reported of MAJOR-GENERAL H. HOSEASON, who joined the Madras Army in 1838, and retired in 1874. During the Mutiny he was brigade-major under Brigadier Hill with the Hyderabad Contingent in the operations against Tatiana Topee, serving with distinction, and being severely wounded in the fighting at Chicumbah in January, 1859. Major-General Hoseason died on the 25th inst., at Clifton, in his 77th year.
• Probate Granted: 20 Jun 1895, London. 145 Effects: £157 14s
Henry married Adeline Anne Mackenzie,15,83 daughter of Major General Sir Colin Mackenzie C.B. and Adeline Pattle, on 17 Jul 1855 in Bolarum, India 83.,84 Adeline was born on 17 Mar 1833 in Madras,83 died on 15 Jul 1902 83,146 at age 69, and was buried in Perivale Churchyard, Greenford, Middlesex.15
General Notes: Anne's mother was the older sister of the photographer Julia Margaret (Pattle) Cameron and of Maria Pattle Jackson, Virginia Woolf's grandmother.
General Notes: Sometime Bank Manager.
Some things about his life were:
• Probate Granted: 1910, London. 154 Effects: £706-14s
Charles married Mary Isabella Watson,156 daughter of Dr David Hope Watson and Isabella Dods, in 1893 in Stockton on Tees, Co. Durham.155 Mary was born in 1871 in Stockton on Tees, Co. Durham 157,158 and died on 10 Apr 1941 in Gateshead, Co. Durham 159,160 at age 70.
Some things about her life were:
• Probate Granted: 28 May 1941, Durham. 161 Effects: £1253.14. 2
Emily married Herbert Cunningham Clogstoun C.I.E, O.B.E,167 son of Col Herbert Mackworth Clogstoun V.C. and Mary Julia Mackenzie, on 16 Dec 1885 in Paddington, Middlesex 165.,166 Herbert was born on 24 Jan 1857 167 and died on 15 Apr 1936 167 at age 79.
Marriage Notes: Herbert & Emily were first cousins (their respective mothers were sisters). They had issue: 2 sons
General Notes: Herbert's entry in WHO
was WHO reads as follows:-
CLOGSTOUN, Herbert Cunningham, C.I.E. 1906; O.B.E. 1919; b. 24 Jan.1857; s.of Major H. M. ; Clogstoun, V.C., late Indian Army; m. 1st, 1885, Emily (d. 1907), d. of Major-Gen.Hoseason, late Madras Army; two s.; 2nd, 1909, Beatrice, widow of Capt Sutherland, Indian Army. Educ.: Wellington College. Benegal Police, 1882; Special Service with Govt of Bengal, 1887-91; under Govt. of India, Foreign Dept., at Ajmer, Dholpur, and Indore, 1891-1912; retired 1912; served European War 1917-19 (dispatches, O.B.E.). Address: c/o Lloyds Bank, 6 Pall Mall, S.W.1.(Died 15 April 1936) 168
33. Jane Janette Hoseason was born <1820> in King's Lynn, Norfolk 85 and died on 25 Jul 1861 in 3 New Cavendish Street, London 55 at age 41. The cause of her death was peritonitis caused by an abdominal knife wound.
Some things about her life were:
• Inquest: 29th & 30th July, 1861, King's
Head Tavern, Great Portland Street, London. 175,176,177,178,179,180 The circumstances surrounding Jane's
untimely death were quite extraordinary; she died from peritonitis and perhaps
septicæmia, caused by a table knife that had penetrated her abdomen about 3
inches below her ribs. The knife was thrown, accidentally it was asserted,
during an altercation between her and Richard Westbrook, a solicitor who was a
long-standing friend of the family and a lodger in Jane's household.
Richard Westbrook was subsequently charged with causing her death and the inquest that followed and Westbrook's subsequent trial caused quite a stir and filled many column inches of newspaper reports. The incident had all the ingredients of a good scandal: Jane was separated from her husband who was abroad, Westbrook had been living with the family for some years and had just obtained a divorce from his wife, Jane and he were reported to have had several previous altercations in which she had been hurt and they were part of respectable, London society; no wonder, therefore, that the inquest created huge interest and, in the words of one reporter, "the court was crowded to excess, and many persons were unable to obtain admission."
On the night the Jane was wounded, she, Richard Westbrook, her son Thomas and a friend, Mrs Catherine Bryant, had just returned from an evening at the Opera and were having a late supper in the dining room. Since leaving the Opera, Jane and Westbrook had been having a heated argument over a woman they had met who had given Jane "the cold shoulder", Westbrook was emphatic that Jane should not call upon her again; the argument continued on and off during supper and eventually they all rose to go to bed - Westbrook, incidentally, was reported as having a bedroom of his own. At this point, Westbrook picked up a white handled table knife and, according to Thomas's and Catherine Bryant's evidence, he appeared to throw it across the table at Jane; Westbrook himself asserted that he had picked up the knife and, whilst gesturing rather violently in the course of his continuing argument with Jane, had let it slip from his hand.
On that night Jane was wearing a black mohair evening dress over two petticoats and a chemise. She was a rather stout, portly lady, it was reported, so no doubt the garments were quite tightly stretched across her mid-rift; nevertheless, it is astonishing that a table knife, even one of that period (in all likelihood it would have been of sharpened, polished steel probably with a fine point), should have penetrated through these garments and up to threequarters of an inch or more into her abdomen. It must have been thrown with some force. A subsequent post-mortem examination showed that it had penetrated her small intestine.
Jane's immediate reaction was quite calm she removed the knife from her stomach and dropped it on the floor, making light of the wound; it was only subsequently when she went upstairs with Catherine Bryant to undress that the seriousness of the situation became apparent to the others and Thomas was sent to fetch her doctor. The latter examined Jane's wound saying that it was serious but not life-threatening (it had bled very little) and gave her some medicine. He continued to attend her and indeed a second doctor was summoned but her condition deteriorated rapidly and she died early on the following morning, about 31 hours after being wounded.
Two days later the whole story broke when Richard Westbrook was charged at Marlborough Street Magistrates Court with causing Jane's death. He was freed on bail on sureties of £500 & £250 until after the inquest.
The inquest, which was held at The King's Head Tavern before Mr G. S. Brent, the deputy coroner for West Middlesex, attracted considerable interest and there were several and some times conflicting accounts given of what had occurred. During it, the police complained of non-cooperation by the Cathrey household, Catherine Bryant's husband whom she had stated to be a wine merchant turned out to be a convict in prison, evidence was given by several members of the Cathrey household about the quarrelsome and sometimes violent exchanges that Jane and Westbrook had from time to time and they and other friends of the family attested to Westbrook's violent nature and to Jane's concerns about it. The inquest was conducted over two evenings. Despite efforts by Thomas, Catherine Bryant and Westwood to stress the accidental nature of the Jane's injury, other witnesses painted a less charitable picture of the events, so at the end of the hearing, the jury returned the following verdict - "That the deceased died from the effects of a stab in the abdomen, and that Richard Austwick Westbrook was guilty of manslaughter."
Richard Westbrook's case was duly considered by a grand jury but they ignored the findings of the Coroner's Court. At his subsequent trial he was found not guilty at the direction of the judge, Mr Justice Hill; the prosecution having indicated that it did not wish to offer any further evidence.
Marriage Notes: At some point in time, probably sometime in the early 1850s, Werner and Jane separated and Werner went to live abroad. This was the state of affairs when Jane died in 1861.
General Notes: Some time Lieutenant in HM 13th Dragoons.
Children from this marriage were:
Thomas married Katherine Cattermole in 1865 in London.185 Katherine was born in 1845 in Palgrave, Norfolk and died in 1892 in Bedford, Bedfordshire at age 47.
Thomas next married Emma Kitty Foxall in
1893 in St George's, Hanover Square, London.186
Emma was born in 1867 in Bloomsbury, Middlesex and died in 1902 in Kennington,
Kent at age 35.
Julia married Captain John O'Flanagan on 15
May 1854. John died in 1857.96
Children from this marriage were:
The child from this marriage was:
46. Captain Charles William Alexander Hoseason M.N. 1 was born on 16 Jul 1839 in London, Middlesex 1 and died on 26 Jan 1889 in Manorah, Karachi 1,139 at age 49. Another name for Charles was Charles William Hunter Hoseason.3
General Notes: After his parents died, Charles was looked after by his aunt Amelia Hunter. After Amelia's husband died in 1843, she joined her brother William in Malta, in all probability, taking Charles with her. No doubt, William's profession as a Royal Navy Captain influenced Charles who later became a Master Mariner and served with the Cunard Line. 46
Some things about his life were:
Charles married Harriet Ellen Penn 1 on 1 May 1871 in St Luke, Liverpool 140.,141
Harriet was born in 1853 in Liverpool, Lancashire 189
and died on 15 May 1883 in Birkenhead, Cheshire 1,190 at age 30. The cause of her death was TB.
Medical Notes: Harry is reputed to have died as a result of falling from the rigging of a tea clipper off the coast of Africa. 136
Marriage Notes: Had issue: 2 daughters and 1 son; Frances, Hilda & Harry
General Notes: There is no trace of Cissie's family in the Censuses of 1881, 1891 & 1901 or indeed of any other Fynneys being born in Lancashire in the period 1865 to 1881, so it has not been possible to identify her parents.
General Notes: It is said that after
his parent's death, Thomas was looked after by a Mr Lawrence whose connection
with the Hoseason & Clarke families is not known. Mr Lawrence has not been
identified and he is supposed not to have survived very long after taking
Thomas into his household, certainly, by 1851 Thomas is to be found staying in
Chelsea with his aunt Harriet (née Clarke) & her husband Charles Lyndon who
was a solicitor. Thomas is described as "nephew of wife" and not as a
"visitor", which may indicate that he was living with them rather than
just visiting at the time of the Census.
Thomas is not to be found in the 1861 Census which might suggest that he was abroad when it occurred but he did return to England sometime in the middle of the 1860s in time to court and marry his first wife Agnes in 1865. For the next few years, judging by the place of birth of his children, he and the family lived in Egypt; what his occupation was has not been established but it may be that he was a Thomas Cook agent there as has been suggested.
At some point, in the mid 1870s the Thomas and his family must have returned to England because his son Sidney was born in Poplar in 1875 but there is no record of any of them in the 1881 census. Possibly by then, Thomas and Agnes's marriage had begun to disintegrate due to Agnes's mental state and Thomas may have absented himself from the marital home; certainly, by 1891 he is to be found living on his own with a housekeeper and her daughter in Hampshire. He describes his occupation as brewer's agent at that time.
Four years later he married, bigamously, Mary Goodwin (née Brinton, a widow with an illegitimate daughter of her own) and had two sons by her. At the time of the 1901 Census, Thomas and this family were living in Wolverhampton and he was working as an advertising agent. Given this marriage, it is doubtful that Thomas was ever in contact with any of the children of his first marriage after he left home.
In the last years of his life, Thomas was the caretaker of a Wolverhampton theatre. 46,136,196
Thomas married Agnes Miller Griffin,197 daughter of Robert Griffin and
Elizabeth ———, on 29 Jun 1865 in St Mary's Church, Hampstead. The
marriage ended in Separation c. 1883. Agnes was born <1844> in
Peterborough,197 was baptised on 24
Apr 1844 in Peterborough, Northampton,198
and died in 1912 in Wandsworth, Surrey at age 68.
Children from this marriage were:
Edith married George Alfred H Loal, son of Henry Wells Loal and Margaret Buckle Bays, in 1894 in Southampton.201 George was born in 1871 in Peterborough 202 and died in 1899 in Worcester 203 at age 28.
Edith next married George Washington Bailey in 1905 in Kings Norton.204
Grace married William R J Morgan in 1913 in Fulham, London.205
Thomas next married Mary Elizabeth Brinton,3 daughter of Joseph Brinton and Ellen ———, on 15 Jan 1895 in Headless Cross, Worcestershire.143 Mary was born on 24 Apr 1859 in Corfe Castle, Dorset 3,206,207 and died in 1944 in Wolverhampton, Staffordshire 3 at age 85.
Marriage Notes: It appears that
Thomas never divorced his first wife, Agnes, but the marriage seems to have collapsed
by about 1883. Some time later, he met Mary and, when their first child was
expected, married her bigamously. 3
General Notes: Sometime tea planter in Ceylon.
Some things about his life were:
• Probate Granted: 1924, London. 212 Effects: £53030-11-5
Henry married Ethel Maude Healing,213 daughter of Alfred Healing and Susan Elizabeth Phillips, in 1908 in Kensington, Middlesex.148 Ethel was born on 1 Jun 1881 in Tewkesbury, Glos 214 and died on 9 Dec 1969 in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire 215 at age 88.
Marriage Notes: Henry and Ethel had no natural children; the two children that they had were both adopted and only Peter has been identified at this time.
Some things about her life were:
• Probate Granted: 9 Dec 1969, London. 216 Effects: £226,181
The child from this marriage was:
Some things about his life were:
• Probate Granted: 30 Jul 1946, London. 219 Effects: £12,504 6s 4d
Queenie married Major General Benjamin John Chauvel Prior 54 on 4 Nov 1876 in India.54 Benjamin was born on 12 Aug 1830 in Bangalore, India 54 and died on 3 Feb 1886 in Dinan, Côtes-du-Nord, France 54,220 at age 55.
General Notes: Served in the Indian Staff Corps.
Some things about his life were:
• Report of death: 9 Feb 1886, London. 221 The Times reported Benjamin's
death as follows:-
The death has been reported from Dinan, France, on the 3d inst., of Major-General Prior, formerly of the 33d Madras Native Infantry and late in civil employment at Hyderabad. Major-General Prior was present when the native troops mutinied at Saugor in June, 1857, and served during the defence of the Saugor Fort under Brigadier Saye, being severely wounded by a musket ball. He was engaged with the rebels when they came to plunder the Saugor cantonments in July, 1857, and was again severely wounded in an action at Narraiowlee on the 18th of September of the same year.
Children from this marriage were:
79 M iii. Gerald Oswald Herbert Prior 222,223 was born on 19 Mar 1884 in Dinan, Côtes-du-Nord, France,222,223 died on 19 Jan 1919 in London at age 34, and was buried in Brookwood Military Cemetery, Surrey.
General Notes: Sometime Bank Manager
Children from this marriage were:
80 M i. Kingsmill Douglas M Gwynn was born <1888> in Clifton, Gloucestershire.
General Notes: William seems to have
been a bit of a free spirit. When he was a boy his family came back from India
for a while and lived in Yorkshire and though he is living with them at the
time of the 1871 Census, it is very probable that he was educated in England
during his teens; his sister Geraldine & brother Cecil were both sent to a
Yorkshire boarding school at Fulneck run by the Moravian Protestant movement
and he may have attended the same school. It is said that William wanted to be
a doctor and went to read medicine at Edinburgh University for three years. For
some reason or other his father disapproved of this career and came back to
Edinburgh and took him back to India where he was forced to join the army; he
was appointed a Lieutenant but rebelled and, presumably after resigning his
commission, fled from India and joined the Bechuanaland Police Force.
Bechuanaland Border Police (BBP) came into being in 1885 after Bechuanaland (later Botswana) had been declared a British Protectorate in 30th September 1885, prior to that there had been the Bechuanaland Field Force but this only existed from 1884 to 1885. The BBP consisted of about 100 men whose task it was to police the new Protectorate's borders; it was run on quasi-military lines and its officers were mostly drawn from the British or Indian Armies. Current lists of serving officers between 1884 & circa 1894 do not mention William but he may well have served with the Force in its early days and been among the other ranks. He must have left Africa sometime in 1886 or 87 because he was married in Oregon in 1889.
It has been said said that William originally went with his brother Walter to Vancouver and from there went south to become a cowboy, then a schoolmaster & later a school inspector. However, in the US Census for 1910 he describes himself as an insurance agent. There are documents showing that he was allocated 160 acres in Baker County, Oregon in November 1900 so he probably did a little farming or letting as well. 224
William married Victoria A Gale,164 daughter of Benjamin Gale and Caroline Thornton, on 5 Jul 1889 in Baker, Baker County, Oregon. 164 Victoria was born on 2 Jun 1869 in Essex County, Ontario, Canada,225 died on 29 Dec 1925 in Arlington General Hospital, Washington, USA 225 at age 56, and was buried on 2 Jan 1926 in Arlington, Washington, USA.225
Some things about her life were:
• Obituary: 31 Dec 1925, Arlington, Washington, USA. 226
Mrs. Victoria A., wife of William C. Hoseason,
passed away at Arlington General hospital Thursday, December 29th at 12 o'clock
noon, the death had been due to atomy of the bowels for the relief of which she
had undergone two operations during the past month.
The funeral services[sic] will be held Saturday at 2:30 from the Congregational Church, Rev. Chas. Williams officiating.
Victoria A. (Gale) Hoseason was born at Essex Center, Ontario, on June 2nd, 1869, the daughter of Benjamin and Caroline Gale, and at time of death had reached the age of 56 years, 6 months and 27 days. When only a year old her parents moved to Michigan and later to Texas, the family finally settling at Baker, Oregon, in 1883. At this place she was married, July 5th, 1889, to Mr. Hoseason, they moving to Vancouver, Washington, in 1905 and to Arlington in 1914.
Deceased is survived by her husband and three sons Ralph M. Harbor City, Calif., Colin H. Seattle, and Gerald, who is at home; also by a sister, Mary Gale, who was with her during her last illness, and five brothers. She was a member of the Baptist church and was highly respected as a faithful wife, kindly mother and good neighbor.
General Notes: Sometime estate agent (realtor) in Canada & USA
Walter married <1897>.
Children from this marriage were:
87 M i. Cecil Hoseason died before 1982.
General Notes: Cis became a pilot with
the Canadian Air Force; a successful career which led him to become the CAF's
chief test pilot for Western Canada.
Cis and his wife had one daughter but, apparently, also acted "in parentis loci" to their niece, the only child of Cis's brother Oswald.136
88 M ii. Oswald Hoseason died after 1982.
General Notes: It is said that Oswald led a pretty wayward life and was married five times; it has not been established whether or not there is any truth in this but the fact that his only child, a daughter from his first marriage, was brought up by his brother Cis & his wife probably confirms his multiple marriages and erratic existence.136
General Notes: Cecil must have been
encouraged by his brothers, William and Walter, to settle in Canada. It has not
yet been discovered when he went out there but it is probable that he emigrated
soon after leaving his boarding school in Yorkshire (Fulneck Boys — a Moravian
Protestant Church School) for by that time William and Walter would have been
relatively well established there.
Cecil's occupation has not yet been discovered but seems to spent most of his life in Vancouver.
Marriage Notes: Cecil & Beatrice had
two sons but details about the second one have not yet been discovered.
The child from this marriage was:
89 M i. Cecil Henry Cochrane Hoseason was born on 24 Aug 1909 in Vancouver, British Colombia and died on 3 Apr 1991 in Vancouver, British Colombia at age 81.
Cecil married Frances Constance Roberts
on 24 Dec 1931 in Vancouver, British Colombia.237
Some things about her life were:
• Probate Granted: 7 Jul 1964, London. 239 Effects: £44,652
Children from this marriage were:
Fannie married Major Kenneth Arnold Saffery R.A.O.C,1 son of Frances Joseph Saffery and Isabel Laura Wallis, on 22 Apr 1930.1 Kenneth was born in 1898 in Paddington, Middlesex, died on 21 Aug 1945 in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany at age 47, and was buried in Kiel War Cemetery, Schleswig-Holstein.
Sidney married Nellie Katie Stilliard,
daughter of Edward Stilliard and Ellen Smith, in 1896 in
Tiverton, Devon. Nellie was born in 1875 in Marylebone, London.
The child from this marriage was:
Marriage Notes: Cecil suffered severely
from mental illness and much of his later life was spent in institutions which
left Eva on her own for a long time. She was married again, in the early months
of 1961, to a man called James Walker. 136
Children from this marriage were:
Cyril married Doris Stanley in 1953 in Bilston, Northants.247
96 M ii. Alfred Robert Hoseason
97 M iii. Richard Donald Hoseason
Ralph married Evangeline Blanche King 248 on 9 Nov 1912 in Vancouver, British
Colombia.227 Evangeline was born on 23
Aug 1896 in Illinios, USA 249 and died
on 1 Aug 1987 in Sparks, Nevada, USA 250
at age 90.
100 F ii. Geraldine Hoseason was born on 22 Aug 1914 in Canada and died in Jan 1974 in Los Angeles, Califonia at age 59.
Children from this marriage were:
General Notes: Norwegian American and Marine Engineer 252
Children from this marriage were:
104 M i. ——— Horn was born <1930> and died c .1950s at age 20.
General Notes: In 1934 William was working in insurance with the North British and Mercantile Ins. Co. and stationed in Singapore. 1
Some things about his life were:
• Probate Granted: 2 Feb 1952, London. 254 Effects in England: £2897 0s 10d
The child from this marriage was:
The child from this marriage was:
Medical Notes: Larry suffered from depression and eventually took his own life.
Larry married Martha Sharon Larsen.163